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A Case Study of Downstream Baroclinic Development over the North Pacific Ocean. Part I: Dynamical Impacts

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  • 1 Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
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Abstract

The impact of eddy energy growth and radiation from a western North Pacific cyclone on the intensity of an eastern North Pacific cyclone a few days later is examined. Associated with the western cyclone is an upstream ridge and trough couplet, initially over Siberia on 8 March 1977. The amplitude of this couplet is perturbed in 5-day numerical simulations of the two marine cyclones. Balanced initial conditions are created by potential vorticity inversion. The magnitude of the upper-level couplet governs much of the subsequent growth of eddy energy in the western cyclone as well as the propagation of eddy energy between the two cyclones. This culminates in measurable changes in the maximum intensity of the eastern surface cyclone. The broader question of the sensitivity of this cyclone to upstream perturbations is also briefly addressed.

Corresponding author address: Rick Danielson, Department of Oceanography, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax NS B3H 4J1, Canada. Email: rick@phys.ocean.dal.ca

Abstract

The impact of eddy energy growth and radiation from a western North Pacific cyclone on the intensity of an eastern North Pacific cyclone a few days later is examined. Associated with the western cyclone is an upstream ridge and trough couplet, initially over Siberia on 8 March 1977. The amplitude of this couplet is perturbed in 5-day numerical simulations of the two marine cyclones. Balanced initial conditions are created by potential vorticity inversion. The magnitude of the upper-level couplet governs much of the subsequent growth of eddy energy in the western cyclone as well as the propagation of eddy energy between the two cyclones. This culminates in measurable changes in the maximum intensity of the eastern surface cyclone. The broader question of the sensitivity of this cyclone to upstream perturbations is also briefly addressed.

Corresponding author address: Rick Danielson, Department of Oceanography, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax NS B3H 4J1, Canada. Email: rick@phys.ocean.dal.ca

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