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Developing a Convective-Scale EnKF Data Assimilation System for the Canadian MEOPAR Project

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  • 1 Data Assimilation and Satellite Meteorology Research Section, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Dorval, Québec, Canada
  • | 2 National Central University, Jhongli, Taiwan
  • | 3 Environmental Numerical Prediction Research Section, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada
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Abstract

This study discusses the construction of a high-resolution ensemble Kalman filter system (the HREnKF) developed for the Marine Environmental Observation Prediction and Response (MEOPAR) network. The HREnKF runs at a horizontal resolution of 2.5 km and is intended to provide forecasts at lead times up to 12 h. This system was adapted from the global EnKF system in operation at Environment and Climate Change Canada. As a first development step, only the most necessary modifications have been implemented. The changes include an hourly cycling frequency, smaller localization radii, and the explicit representation of microphysical processes. To assess its performance and orient future developments, the HREnKF was continuously cycled for a period of 12 days. Verification against surface observations reveals that the skill of the forecasts initialized from the HREnKF is comparable to that of control forecasts also integrated at a resolution of 2.5 km. A key component of this study is the comparison of correlation estimated from ensembles at resolutions of 2.5, 15, and 50 km. At 2.5 km, correlation lengths are smaller than those found at 15 and 50 km. These short correlation lengths demand a high observational density, which is not available over the west coast domain where the HREnKF was tested. The spatial and temporal variability of the correlations is also assessed for the HREnKF system. It is found that correlation patterns are complex and do not generally decrease monotonically away from the reference point around which they are estimated. This result is important as it indicates that separation distance may not be the ideal parameter to use as a basis for localization strategies.

© 2017 American Meteorological Society. For information regarding reuse of this content and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses).

Corresponding author e-mail: Dominik Jacques, dominik.jacques@canada.ca

Abstract

This study discusses the construction of a high-resolution ensemble Kalman filter system (the HREnKF) developed for the Marine Environmental Observation Prediction and Response (MEOPAR) network. The HREnKF runs at a horizontal resolution of 2.5 km and is intended to provide forecasts at lead times up to 12 h. This system was adapted from the global EnKF system in operation at Environment and Climate Change Canada. As a first development step, only the most necessary modifications have been implemented. The changes include an hourly cycling frequency, smaller localization radii, and the explicit representation of microphysical processes. To assess its performance and orient future developments, the HREnKF was continuously cycled for a period of 12 days. Verification against surface observations reveals that the skill of the forecasts initialized from the HREnKF is comparable to that of control forecasts also integrated at a resolution of 2.5 km. A key component of this study is the comparison of correlation estimated from ensembles at resolutions of 2.5, 15, and 50 km. At 2.5 km, correlation lengths are smaller than those found at 15 and 50 km. These short correlation lengths demand a high observational density, which is not available over the west coast domain where the HREnKF was tested. The spatial and temporal variability of the correlations is also assessed for the HREnKF system. It is found that correlation patterns are complex and do not generally decrease monotonically away from the reference point around which they are estimated. This result is important as it indicates that separation distance may not be the ideal parameter to use as a basis for localization strategies.

© 2017 American Meteorological Society. For information regarding reuse of this content and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses).

Corresponding author e-mail: Dominik Jacques, dominik.jacques@canada.ca
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