Typhoon Lionrock (2016) was unusual among tropical cyclones (TCs) in that it formed east of the monsoon gyre in the western North Pacific, and moved counterclockwise. It rapidly intensified in the monsoon gyre in an environment of weak upper-tropospheric winds and vertical wind shear. This study used a 3-km mesh nonhydrostatic model to examine the warm-core intensification of Typhoon Lionrock, which was associated with cyclone-scale vigorous convection [i.e., convective bursts (CBs)]. The simulation reproduced the multiple CBs at intervals of 1 day or shorter, which were related to the diurnal cycles and other short time-scale variations in the TC convection. Each CB tended to precede peak temperature anomalies near the TC center by 0–12 h, indicating that the warm-core intensification occurred due to diabatic heating released by the vigorous eyewall convection. Notably, updrafts due to convection during the intensification phase were stronger than those occurring during the mature and decay phases, and the maximum temperature anomaly of the upper-tropospheric warm core rapidly increased during eyewall formation. In addition, this study indicated that most of the asymmetric inner-core vigorous convection associated with CBs, which was induced by the vertical wind shear, contributed to the warm-core intensification. Furthermore, the budget analysis of potential temperature within the TC inner core showed that adiabatic heating due to subsidence from near the tropopause within the eye, often following CBs, was essential in developing the eye. The lag correlation suggested the lag time between the CBs and the subsidence within the eye was 3–9 h.
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