• Allen, J. S., 1980: Models of wind-driven currents on the continental shelf. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech.,12, 389–433.

  • Bate, P., 1983: The Australian tropical cyclone season, 1982–83. Aust. Meteor. Mag.,31, 209–216.

  • Beardsley, R. C., and D. B. Haidvogel, 1981: Model studies of the wind-driven transient circulation in the Middle Atlantic Bight. Part I: Adiabatic boundary conditions. J. Phys. Oceanogr.,11, 355–375.

  • Brink, K. H., and J. S. Allen, 1978: On the effect of bottom friction on barotropic motion over the continental shelf. J. Phys. 0ceanogr.,8, 919–922; 1983: Corrigendum. J. Phys. Oceanogr.,13, 149–150.

  • Das, P. K., 1994: Prediction of storm surge in the Bay of Bengal, Kalpathi Ramakrishna Ramanathan Medal Lecture—1993. Proc. Indian Natl. Sci. Acad., Part A, 60.

  • Fandry, C. B., and R. K. Steedman, 1994: Modelling the dynamics of the transient, barotropic response of continental shelf waters to tropical cyclones. Contin. Shelf Res.,14, 1723–1750.

  • ——, L. M. Leslie, and R. K. Steedman, 1984: Kelvin-type coastal surges generated by tropical cyclones. J. Phys. Oceanogr.,14, 582–593.

  • Frank, W. M., 1984: A composite analysis of the core of a mature hurricane. Mon. Wea. Rev.,112, 2401–2420.

  • Grant, W. D., and O. S. Madsen, 1979: Combined wave and current interaction with a rough bottom. J. Geophys. Res.,84, 1797–1808.

  • Grimshaw, R., 1988: Large-scale, low-frequency response on the continental shelf due to localized atmospheric forcing system. J. Phys. Oceanogr.,18, 1906–1919.

  • Heaps, N. S., 1983: Storm surge, 1967–1982. Geophys. J. Roy. Astron. Soc.,74, 331–367.

  • Hearn, C. J., and P. E. Holloway, 1990: A three-dimensional barotropic model of the response of the Australian North West Shelf to tropical cyclones. J. Phys. Oceanogr.,20, 60–80.

  • Holland, G. J., 1980: An analytic model of the wind and pressure profiles in hurricanes. Mon. Wea. Rev.,108, 1212–1218.

  • Hubbert, G. D., G. J. Holland, L. M. Leslie, and M. J. Manton, 1991: A real-time system for forecasting tropical cyclone storm surges. Wea. Forecasting,6, 86–97.

  • Huthnance, J. M., 1978: On coastal trapped waves: Analysis and numerical calculation by inverse iteration. J. Phys. Oceanogr.,8, 74–92.

  • Johns, B. M., and J. Lighthill, 1992: Modeling of storm surges in the Bay of Bengal. Tropical Cyclone Disasters, Proceedings International Symposium Beijing, 1992, J. Lighthill, G. Holland, Z. Zheng, and K. Emanuel, Eds., Peking University Press, 410–422.

  • Le Blond, D. H., and L. A. Mysak, 1978: Waves in the Ocean. Elsevier, 602 pp.

  • Liu, F. S., 1987: A study of storm surges in East China Sea and South Huanghai Sea. Oceanogr. Lim. Sinica,18, 498–508.

  • Martinsen, E. A., B. Gjevik, and L. P. Röed, 1979: A numerical model for long barotropic waves and storm surges along the western coast of Norway. J. Phys. Oceanogr.,9, 1126–1138.

  • Power, S. B., J. H. Middleton, and R. H. J. Grimshaw, 1989: Frictionally modified continental shelf waves and the subinertial response to wind and deep-ocean forcing. J. Phys. Oceanogr.,19, 1486–1506.

  • Smith, S. D., and E. G. Banke, 1975: Variation of the sea surface drag coefficient with wind speed. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc.,101, 665–673.

  • Tang, Y., 1994: Numerical studies of the coastal ocean. Ph.D. thesis, Monash University, 173 pp. [Available from Library, Monash University, Clayton, Vic 3168, Australia.].

  • ——, and R. Grimshaw, 1995: A modal analysis of the coastally trapped waves generated by tropical cyclones. J. Phys. Oceanogr.,25, 1577–1598.

  • ——, and ——, 1996a: Radiation boundary conditions in barotropic coastal ocean numerical models. J. Comput. Phys.,123, 96–110.

  • ——, and ——, 1996b: The effect of wind wave-current interaction on the circulation induced by tropical cyclones on continental shelves. J. Geophys. Res.,101, 22 705–22 714.

  • ——, ——, B. Sanderson, and G. Holland, 1996: A numerical study of storm surge and tides, with application to the North Queensland Coast. J. Phys. Oceanogr.,26, 2700–2711.

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 0 0 0
PDF Downloads 0 0 0

A Numerical Study of the Storm Surge Generated by Tropical Cyclone Jane

View More View Less
  • 1 Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre, Melbourne, Australia
  • | 2 Department of Geography and Oceanography, Australian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, Australia
  • | 3 Department of Mathematics, Monash University, Clayton, Australia
Restricted access

Abstract

In 1983 Tropical Cyclone Jane crossed the North West Coast of Australia generating a storm surge. Currents associated with this storm surge were recorded at two offshore moorings south of the cyclone track. The data from these moorings are suggestive of the propagation of a continental shelf wave between the two stations. This hypothesis is tested by carrying out a numerical simulation of this storm surge based on the depth-integrated shallow-water equations, with wind-wave-enhanced bottom friction. Analysis of the numerical results shows that the storm surge can be interpreted as due to continental shelf waves.

Corresponding author address: Dr. Yong Ming Tang, Bureau of Meterology, GPO Box 1289K, Melbourne 3001, Australia.

Email: ymt@tracy.ho.bom.gov.au

Abstract

In 1983 Tropical Cyclone Jane crossed the North West Coast of Australia generating a storm surge. Currents associated with this storm surge were recorded at two offshore moorings south of the cyclone track. The data from these moorings are suggestive of the propagation of a continental shelf wave between the two stations. This hypothesis is tested by carrying out a numerical simulation of this storm surge based on the depth-integrated shallow-water equations, with wind-wave-enhanced bottom friction. Analysis of the numerical results shows that the storm surge can be interpreted as due to continental shelf waves.

Corresponding author address: Dr. Yong Ming Tang, Bureau of Meterology, GPO Box 1289K, Melbourne 3001, Australia.

Email: ymt@tracy.ho.bom.gov.au

Save