Tidal and Sub-inertial Fluctuations in the Florida Current

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  • 1 Rosentiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, Fla. 33149
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Abstract

A 50-day time series was obtained from a current meter mooring in the Florida Current off Miami. The results agree with earlier observations regarding the significance of several-day oscillations in the Gulf Stream. The energy spectrum of the V component shows a pronounced peak at periods of 5–6 days with an amplitude of about 20 cm sec−1. Quantitatively the results are reminiscent of barotropic shelf waves, although definite conclusions about the occurrence of such waves require additional observations.

Analysis of tidal fluctuations shows that 25% of the variance in the V component and 6% of the variance in the U component can be accounted for by the four major constituents, M2, S2, K1 and O1. The largest constituent in the V component is the O1 tide, whereas the K1 tide dominates in the U component. The results are in good agreement with earlier observations from the sea surface, indicating that the vertical structure of the tides is predominantly barotropic.

Abstract

A 50-day time series was obtained from a current meter mooring in the Florida Current off Miami. The results agree with earlier observations regarding the significance of several-day oscillations in the Gulf Stream. The energy spectrum of the V component shows a pronounced peak at periods of 5–6 days with an amplitude of about 20 cm sec−1. Quantitatively the results are reminiscent of barotropic shelf waves, although definite conclusions about the occurrence of such waves require additional observations.

Analysis of tidal fluctuations shows that 25% of the variance in the V component and 6% of the variance in the U component can be accounted for by the four major constituents, M2, S2, K1 and O1. The largest constituent in the V component is the O1 tide, whereas the K1 tide dominates in the U component. The results are in good agreement with earlier observations from the sea surface, indicating that the vertical structure of the tides is predominantly barotropic.

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