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Effects of Radar Sampling on Single-Doppler Velocity Signatures of Mesocyclones and Tornadoes

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  • 1 NOAA/Environmental Research Laboratories, National Severe Storms Laboratory, Norman, Oklahoma
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Abstract

Simulated WSR-88D (Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler) radar data were used to investigate the effects of discrete azimuthal sampling on Doppler velocity signatures of modeled mesocyclones and tornadoes at various ranges from the radar and for various random positions of the radar beam with respect to the vortices. Results show that the random position of the beam can change the magnitudes and locations of peak Doppler velocity values. The important implication presented in this study is that short-term variations in tornado and far-range mesocyclone intensity observed by a WSR-88D radar may be due to evolution or due to the chance positions of the radar beam relative to the vortex’s maximum rotational velocities or due to some combination of both.

Corresponding author address: Vincent T. Wood, NOAA/ERL/NSSL, 1313 Halley Circle, Norman, OK 73069.

Email: wood@nssl.noaa.gov

Abstract

Simulated WSR-88D (Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler) radar data were used to investigate the effects of discrete azimuthal sampling on Doppler velocity signatures of modeled mesocyclones and tornadoes at various ranges from the radar and for various random positions of the radar beam with respect to the vortices. Results show that the random position of the beam can change the magnitudes and locations of peak Doppler velocity values. The important implication presented in this study is that short-term variations in tornado and far-range mesocyclone intensity observed by a WSR-88D radar may be due to evolution or due to the chance positions of the radar beam relative to the vortex’s maximum rotational velocities or due to some combination of both.

Corresponding author address: Vincent T. Wood, NOAA/ERL/NSSL, 1313 Halley Circle, Norman, OK 73069.

Email: wood@nssl.noaa.gov

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