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Skill of a Ceiling and Visibility Local Ensemble Prediction System (LEPS) according to Fog-Type Prediction at Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport

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  • 1 GAME/CNRM, Météo-France, CNRS, Toulouse, France
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Abstract

A specific event, called a low-visibility procedure (LVP), has been defined when visibility is under 600 m and/or the ceiling is under 60 m at Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport, Paris, France, to ensure air traffic safety and to reduce the economic issues related to poor visibility conditions. The Local Ensemble Prediction System (LEPS) has been designed to estimate LVP likelihood in order to help forecasters in their tasks. This work evaluates the skill of LEPS for each type of LVP that takes place at the airport area during five winter seasons from 2002 to 2007. An event-based classification reveals that stratus base lowering, advection, and radiation fogs make up for 78% of the LVP cases that occurred near the airport during this period. This study also demonstrates that LEPS is skillful on these types of event for short-term forecasts. When the ensemble runs start with initialized LVP events, the prediction of advection fogs is as skillful as the prediction of radiation fog events and stratus base lowering. At 3 and 6 h before the runs where LVP events were initialized, LEPS still shows positive skill for radiation fog events and stratus base lowering cases.

* Current affiliation: Atmospheric Science Laboratory, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan.

+ Current affiliation: Meteorological Research Division, Environment Canada, Dorval, Quebec, Canada.

Corresponding author address: Stevie Roquelaure, Atmospheric Science Laboratory, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 6-3 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8578, Japan. Email: stevie@wind.geophys.tohoku.ac.jp

Abstract

A specific event, called a low-visibility procedure (LVP), has been defined when visibility is under 600 m and/or the ceiling is under 60 m at Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport, Paris, France, to ensure air traffic safety and to reduce the economic issues related to poor visibility conditions. The Local Ensemble Prediction System (LEPS) has been designed to estimate LVP likelihood in order to help forecasters in their tasks. This work evaluates the skill of LEPS for each type of LVP that takes place at the airport area during five winter seasons from 2002 to 2007. An event-based classification reveals that stratus base lowering, advection, and radiation fogs make up for 78% of the LVP cases that occurred near the airport during this period. This study also demonstrates that LEPS is skillful on these types of event for short-term forecasts. When the ensemble runs start with initialized LVP events, the prediction of advection fogs is as skillful as the prediction of radiation fog events and stratus base lowering. At 3 and 6 h before the runs where LVP events were initialized, LEPS still shows positive skill for radiation fog events and stratus base lowering cases.

* Current affiliation: Atmospheric Science Laboratory, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan.

+ Current affiliation: Meteorological Research Division, Environment Canada, Dorval, Quebec, Canada.

Corresponding author address: Stevie Roquelaure, Atmospheric Science Laboratory, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 6-3 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8578, Japan. Email: stevie@wind.geophys.tohoku.ac.jp

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