Assimilation of Tropical Cyclone Advisory Minimum Sea Level Pressure in the NCEP Global Data Assimilation System

Daryl T. Kleist Environmental Modeling Center, National Centers for Environmental Prediction, Camp Springs, Maryland

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Abstract

The assimilation of official advisory minimum sea level pressure observations has been developed and tested in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Global Data Assimilation System (GDAS) to address forecaster concerns regarding some tropical systems being far too weak in operational Global Forecast System (GFS) analyses. The assimilation of these observations has been operational in the GFS since December 2009. Using the T574 version of the NCEP GFS model, it is demonstrated that the assimilation of these observations results in a substantial reduction in the initial intensity bias for tropical systems, resulting in improved track and intensity guidance for lead times out to 5 days.

Additional affiliation: I. M. Systems Group, Camp Springs, Maryland.

Corresponding author address: Daryl T. Kleist, NOAA Science Center, No. 207, 5200 Auth Rd., Camp Springs, MD 20746-4304. E-mail: daryl.kleist@noaa.gov

Abstract

The assimilation of official advisory minimum sea level pressure observations has been developed and tested in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Global Data Assimilation System (GDAS) to address forecaster concerns regarding some tropical systems being far too weak in operational Global Forecast System (GFS) analyses. The assimilation of these observations has been operational in the GFS since December 2009. Using the T574 version of the NCEP GFS model, it is demonstrated that the assimilation of these observations results in a substantial reduction in the initial intensity bias for tropical systems, resulting in improved track and intensity guidance for lead times out to 5 days.

Additional affiliation: I. M. Systems Group, Camp Springs, Maryland.

Corresponding author address: Daryl T. Kleist, NOAA Science Center, No. 207, 5200 Auth Rd., Camp Springs, MD 20746-4304. E-mail: daryl.kleist@noaa.gov
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