Comments on “Double Impact: When Both Tornadoes and Flash Floods Threaten the Same Place at the Same Time”

Matthew J. Bunkers NOAA/National Weather Service, Rapid City, South Dakota

Search for other papers by Matthew J. Bunkers in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
and
Charles A. Doswell III Doswell Scientific Consulting, Norman, Oklahoma

Search for other papers by Charles A. Doswell III in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Corresponding author address: Dr. Matthew J. Bunkers, NOAA/NWS, 300 E. Signal Dr., Rapid City, SD 57701. E-mail: matthew.bunkers@noaa.gov

The original article that was the subject of this comment/reply can be found at http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/WAF-D-15-0084.1.

Corresponding author address: Dr. Matthew J. Bunkers, NOAA/NWS, 300 E. Signal Dr., Rapid City, SD 57701. E-mail: matthew.bunkers@noaa.gov

The original article that was the subject of this comment/reply can be found at http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/WAF-D-15-0084.1.

Save
  • Belville, J. D., Johnson G. A. , Moller A. R. , and Ward J. D. , 1979: The Palo Duro Canyon storm: A combination severe weather–flash flood event. Preprints, 11th Conf. on Severe Local Storms, Kansas City, MO, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 7279.

  • Bluestein, H. B., Snyder J. C. , and Houser J. B. , 2015: A multiscale overview of the El Reno, Oklahoma, tornadic supercell of 31 May 2013. Wea. Forecasting, 30, 525552, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-14-00152.1.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bunkers, M. J., Klimowski B. A. , Zeitler J. W. , Thompson R. L. , and Weisman M. L. , 2000: Predicting supercell motion using a new hodograph technique. Wea. Forecasting, 15, 6179, doi:10.1175/1520-0434(2000)015<0061:PSMUAN>2.0.CO;2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chappell, C. F., and Rodgers D. M. , 1988: Meteorological analysis of the Cheyenne, Wyoming, flash flood and hailstorm of 1 August 1985. NOAA Tech. Rep. ERL 435-FSL 1, NOAA/ERL, Boulder, CO, 53 pp. [Available online at http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/noaa_documents/OAR/FSL/TR_ERL-435_FSL-1.pdf.]

  • Corfidi, S. F., Merritt J. H. , and Fritsch J. M. , 1996: Predicting the movement of mesoscale convective complexes. Wea. Forecasting, 11, 4146, doi:10.1175/1520-0434(1996)011<0041:PTMOMC>2.0.CO;2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Corfidi, S. F., Weiss S. J. , Kain J. S. , Corfidi S. J. , Rabin R. M. , and Levit J. J. , 2010: Revisiting the 3–4 April 1974 superoutbreak of tornadoes. Wea. Forecasting, 25, 465510, doi:10.1175/2009WAF2222297.1.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Davies, J. M., 1998: On supercell motion in weaker wind environments. Preprints, 19th Conf. on Severe Local Storms, Minneapolis, MN, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 685–688.

  • Davies-Jones, R., Burgess D. , and Foster M. , 1990: Test of helicity as a tornado forecast parameter. Preprints, 16th Conf. on Severe Local Storms, Kananaskis Park, AB, Canada, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 588–592.

  • Davis, R. S., 2001: Flash flood forecast and detection methods. Severe Convective Storms, Meteor. Monogr., No. 50, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 481–525.

  • Doswell, C. A., III, 1980: Synoptic-scale environments associated with high plains severe thunderstorms. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 61, 13881400, doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1980)061<1388:SSEAWH>2.0.CO;2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Doswell, C. A., III, Brooks H. E. , and Maddox R. A. , 1996: Flash flood forecasting: An ingredients-based methodology. Wea. Forecasting, 11, 560581, doi:10.1175/1520-0434(1996)011<0560:FFFAIB>2.0.CO;2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Doswell, C. A., III, Brooks H. E. , and Dotzek N. , 2009: On the implementation of the enhanced Fujita scale in the USA. Atmos. Res., 93, 554563, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2008.11.003.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fankhauser, J. C., 1988: Estimates of thunderstorm precipitation efficiency from field measurements in CCOPE. Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 663684, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1988)116<0663:EOTPEF>2.0.CO;2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fujita, T. T., Bradbury D. L. , and Van Thullenar C. F. , 1970: Palm Sunday tornadoes of April 11, 1965. Mon. Wea. Rev., 98, 2969, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1970)098<0029:PSTOA>2.3.CO;2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Guyer, J. L., and Ewald R. , 2004: Record hail event—Examination of the Aurora, Nebraska supercell of 22 June 2003. Preprints, 22nd Conf. on Severe Local Storms, Hyannis, MA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 11B.1. [Available online at http://ams.confex.com/ams/pdfpapers/82087.pdf.]

  • Hitchens, N. M., and Brooks H. E. , 2013: Preliminary investigation of the contribution of supercell thunderstorms to the climatology of heavy and extreme precipitation in the United States. Atmos. Res., 123, 206210, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.06.023.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hotz, D., Eise J. , and Collings A. , 1994: Use of new technologies for a severe weather event across east-central New Mexico. Postprints, First WSR-88D Users Conf., Norman, OK, WSR-88D Operational Support Facility, 301–312.

  • Houston, A. L., and Wilhelmson R. B. , 2007: Observational analysis of the 27 May 1997 central Texas tornadic event. Part I: Prestorm environment and storm maintenance/propagation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 135, 701726, doi:10.1175/MWR3300.1.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Johns, R. H., 1984: A synoptic climatology of northwest-flow severe weather outbreaks. Part II: Meteorological parameters and synoptic patterns. Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 449464, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1984)112<0449:ASCONF>2.0.CO;2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jungbluth, K. A., 1993: Barron County, Wisconsin, multiple tornadoes and hailstorms of 11 September 1990. Wea. Forecasting, 8, 440452, doi:10.1175/1520-0434(1993)008<0440:BCWMTA>2.0.CO;2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Knupp, K. R., and Coauthors, 2014: Meteorological overview of the devastating 27 April 2011 tornado outbreak. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 95, 10411062, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00229.1.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Maddox, R. A., and Doswell C. A. III, 1982: An examination of jet stream configurations, 500-mb vorticity advection, and low-level thermal advection patterns during extended periods of intense convection. Mon. Wea. Rev., 110, 184197, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1982)110<0184:AEOJSC>2.0.CO;2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Moller, A. R., Doswell C. A. III, Foster M. P. , and Woodall G. R. , 1994: The operational recognition of supercell thunderstorm environments and storm structures. Wea. Forecasting, 9, 327347, doi:10.1175/1520-0434(1994)009<0327:TOROST>2.0.CO;2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Monteverdi, J., Umscheid M. , and Bookbinder E. , 2010: Two tornadic thunderstorms in ostensibly weak deep layer shear environments in southeastern Colorado: Cyclic supercells of 25 May (Kiowa County) and 31 May (Baca County) 2010. Preprints, 25th Conf. on Severe Local Storms, Denver, CO, Amer. Meteor. Soc., P10.15. [Available online at http://ams.confex.com/ams/pdfpapers/175862.pdf.]

  • Newton, C. W., 1967: Severe convective storms. Advances in Geophysics, Academic Press, 257–308, doi:10.1016/s0065-2687(08)60377-5.

  • Nielsen, E. R., Herman G. R. , Tournay R. C. , Peters J. M. , and Schumacher R. S. , 2015: Double impact: When both tornadoes and flash floods threaten the same place at the same time. Wea. Forecasting, 30, 16731693, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-15-0084.1.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ramsay, H. A., and Doswell C. A. III, 2005: A sensitivity study of hodograph-based methods for estimating supercell motion. Wea. Forecasting, 20, 954970, doi:10.1175/WAF889.1.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rasmussen, E. N., and Blanchard D. O. , 1998: A baseline climatology of sounding-derived supercell and tornado forecast parameters. Wea. Forecasting, 13, 11481164, doi:1520-0434(1998)013%3C1148:ABCOSD%3E2.0.CO;2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rogash, J. A., and Smith R. D. , 2000: Multiscale overview of a violent tornado outbreak with attendant flash flooding. Wea. Forecasting, 15, 416431, doi:10.1175/1520-0434(2000)015<0416:MOOAVT>2.0.CO;2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smith, J. A., Baeck M. L. , Zhang Y. , and Doswell C. A. III, 2001: Extreme rainfall and flooding from supercell thunderstorms. J. Hydrometeor., 2, 469489, doi:10.1175/1525-7541(2001)002<0469:ERAFFS>2.0.CO;2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Uccellini, L. W., 1990: The relationship between jet streaks and severe convective storm systems. Preprints, 16th Conf. on Severe Local Storms, Kananaskis Park, AB, Canada, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 121–130.

  • Wakimoto, R. M., Cai H. , and Murphey H. V. , 2004: The Superior, Nebraska, supercell during BAMEX. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 85, 10951106, doi:10.1175/BAMS-85-8-1095.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Weisman, M. L., and Klemp J. B. , 1984: The structure and classification of numerically simulated convective storms in directionally varying wind shears. Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 24792498, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1984)112<2479:TSACON>2.0.CO;2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wurman, J., Kosiba K. , Robinson P. , and Marshall T. , 2013: Preliminary results from the ROTATE-2013 season. Preprints, 35th Conf. on Radar Meteorology, Breckenridge, CO, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 187. [Available online at https://ams.confex.com/ams/36Radar/webprogram/Manuscript/Paper229323/AMS-Radar-2013-ROTATE13r.pdf.]

  • Zeitler, J. W., and Bunkers M. J. , 2005: Operational forecasting of supercell motion: Review and case studies using multiple datasets. Natl. Wea. Dig., 29, 8197.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 310 72 9
PDF Downloads 232 54 6