Potential Influence of the East Asia–Pacific Teleconnection Pattern on Persistent Precipitation in South China: Implications of Atypical Yangtze River Valley Cases

Hui Li State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, China Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, and Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster, Ministry of Education (KLME)/Joint International Research Laboratory of Climate and Environment Change (ILCEC)/Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, China

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Panmao Zhai State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, China Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, China

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Yang Chen State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, China Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, China

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Er Lu Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster, Ministry of Education (KLME)/Joint International Research Laboratory of Climate and Environment Change (ILCEC)/Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, China

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Abstract

In this study, cases of the East Asia–Pacific (EAP) teleconnection pattern not responsible for persistent precipitation processes in the Yangtze River valley (YRV) have been investigated. The results suggest that such a type of EAP pattern has some linkage with persistent precipitation processes in south China (SC) with the following properties: 1) in response to the negative SSTAs and anticyclone near the Philippines, the meridional energy propagates from the low latitudes over the north of the Philippines; 2) the western Pacific subtropical high (WPSH) then intensifies and extends westward; 3) a meridional triple structure of the EAP teleconnection pattern is established; 4) at the same time, the cyclonic circulation over northeastern China introduces cold and dry air to the lower latitudes, merging with the water vapor into SC and leading to heavy precipitation from the fringe of the WPSH, the South China Sea, and the Bay of Bengal and the combination of systems persists for at least 3 days, leading to the persistent precipitation processes in SC; and 5) compared with the EAP teleconnection responsible for the precipitation in YRV, the positions of the three centers in the mid- and low latitudes are more southerly located than the YRV EAP centers. Further study indicates that the ocean surface heat conditions in the areas near the Philippines seem to be important in affecting the EAP teleconnection pattern for persistent precipitation processes in SC. Finally, all of the cases with persistent precipitation in SC during 1961–2010 linked with the EAP pattern have been investigated; the results are consistent with the above conclusions.

© 2018 American Meteorological Society. For information regarding reuse of this content and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses).

Corresponding author: Panmao Zhai, pmzhai@cma.gov.cn

Abstract

In this study, cases of the East Asia–Pacific (EAP) teleconnection pattern not responsible for persistent precipitation processes in the Yangtze River valley (YRV) have been investigated. The results suggest that such a type of EAP pattern has some linkage with persistent precipitation processes in south China (SC) with the following properties: 1) in response to the negative SSTAs and anticyclone near the Philippines, the meridional energy propagates from the low latitudes over the north of the Philippines; 2) the western Pacific subtropical high (WPSH) then intensifies and extends westward; 3) a meridional triple structure of the EAP teleconnection pattern is established; 4) at the same time, the cyclonic circulation over northeastern China introduces cold and dry air to the lower latitudes, merging with the water vapor into SC and leading to heavy precipitation from the fringe of the WPSH, the South China Sea, and the Bay of Bengal and the combination of systems persists for at least 3 days, leading to the persistent precipitation processes in SC; and 5) compared with the EAP teleconnection responsible for the precipitation in YRV, the positions of the three centers in the mid- and low latitudes are more southerly located than the YRV EAP centers. Further study indicates that the ocean surface heat conditions in the areas near the Philippines seem to be important in affecting the EAP teleconnection pattern for persistent precipitation processes in SC. Finally, all of the cases with persistent precipitation in SC during 1961–2010 linked with the EAP pattern have been investigated; the results are consistent with the above conclusions.

© 2018 American Meteorological Society. For information regarding reuse of this content and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses).

Corresponding author: Panmao Zhai, pmzhai@cma.gov.cn
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