A forecast “bust” or “dropout” can be defined as an intermittent but significant loss of model forecast performance. Deterministic forecast dropouts are typically defined in terms of the 500-hPa geopotential height (Φ500) anomaly correlation coefficient (ACC) in the Northern Hemisphere (NH) dropping below a predefined threshold. This study first presents a multimodel comparison of dropouts in the Navy Global Environmental Model (NAVGEM) deterministic forecast with the ensemble control members from the Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) Global Ensemble Prediction System (GEPS) and the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Global Ensemble Forecast System (GEFS). Then, the relationship between dropouts and large-scale pattern variability is investigated, focusing on the temporal variability and correlation of flow indices surrounding dropout events. Finally, three severe dropout events are examined from an ensemble perspective. The main findings of this work are the following: 1) forecast dropouts exhibit some relation between models; 2) although forecast dropouts do not have a single cause, the most severe dropouts in NAVGEM can be linked to specific behavior of the large-scale flow indices, that is, they tend to follow periods of rapidly escalating volatility of the flow indices, and they tend to occur during intervals where the AO and Pacific North American (PNA) indices are exhibiting unusually strong interdependence; and 3) for the dropout events examined from an ensemble perspective, the NAVGEM ensemble spread does not provide a strong signal of elevated potential for very large forecast errors.
© 2022 American Meteorological Society. For information regarding reuse of this content and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses).