A comparative study is made of various rocket instrumentation and sensing techniques for collecting stratospheric wind and temperature data. The rocketsondes employed in synoptic studies in general use the spherical bead thermistor as the temperature sensing element. Different designs of sensors were launched in close proximity, and results agree within 3C.
Different parachute configurations and chaff are compared for their ability to sense winds. In most cases, wind velocities agree within reason (5 m sec−1) among the different types of sensors. The major corrections that are applied to wind and temperature data are discussed. The corrections are small (less than 2° and 10 mps) below 50 km but increase with height and in some extreme cases can reach values of 200 m sec−1 for winds and 11C for temperatures at 60–65 km.
1 This paper was presented at the Conference on High Altitude Meteorology and Space Weather, 29–31 March 1967, Houston, Tex.