Hurricane Gladys, near Florida, and typhoon Gloria, in the western Pacific Ocean, were photographed in October 1968 by the astronauts on the Apollo 7 spaceflight. Nearly concurrent weather satellite views are presented for comparison with these pictures to show scale differences and the cloud types that can be observed. In the view of Gladys the typical extensive cirrus cloud canopy was not present, permitting an exceptionally clear view of the convective cloud bands and other cloud structure. A photograph of typhoon Gloria showed organized, low-level cloud structure within its 50-mile diameter eye. The tropical storm pictures from Apollo 7 were obtained as part of a continuing effort to photograph, in color, Earth and cloud phenomena from manned spaceflights for use in environmental studies.
Research Article| 1 February 1969
two tropical storms viewed by Apollo 7
Stanley D. Soules;
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. (1969) 50 (2): 58–66.
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Soules, S. D., and K. M. Nagler, 1969: two tropical storms viewed by Apollo 7. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 50, 58–66, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477-50.2.58.
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