A description of the social context and citizen response to three weather modification projects provides an introduction to the discussion of a variety of social and economic issues related to planned weather modification. Various interest groups have markedly different perspectives on weather modification. Most persons subject to the consequences of weather modification have no opportunity to participate in the associated decision process even though they believe they have a right to do so. Factors possibly associated with conflict over weather modification are considered.

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1 Presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science session on “Changing the Weather,” 28 December 1972, Washington, D.C.

2 The research on which this article is based was conducted under the following grants or contracts: National Science Foundation GA-28364 and GA-18724, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Contract No. E-22-89-71(N) and National Center for Atmospheric Research Contract No. NCAR 173-71. The following made significant contributions to the various research efforts: Suzanne Ageton, Keith S. Boggs, E. J. Bonner, Barbara Farhar, Donald Pfost, Sigmund Krane, and Patricia Trainer.