The San Antonio Mountain Experiment (SAMEX) involves a 3325 m, conically shaped, isolated mountain in north-central New Mexico where hourly observations of temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, wind direction, and precipitation are being taken at nine locations over a three- to five-year period that began in 1980. The experiment is designed to isolate the effect of topography on these meteorological variables by using a geometric configuration sufficiently simple to lead to generalized results. One remote automatic weather station (RAWS) is located at the peak (3322 m); four are located at midslope (3033 m) on southwest, southeast, northeast, and northwest aspects; and four are at the base (2743 m) on southwest, southeast, northeast, and northwest aspects. The surface observations are supplemented by rawinsonde, pibal, tethersonde, and constant-level balloon observations at selected times during each year. The unique set of meteorological data collected in the experiment will be used to 1) determine the effect of elevation and aspect on the meteorological variables; 2) compare the temperature, humidity, and wind components on the mountain with observations and/or predictions of these variables in the free air nearby; and 3) validate temperature, humidity, and wind models in complex terrain.
1 Paper presented at the Second AMS Conference on Mountain Meteorology, 9–12 November 1981, Steamboat Springs, Colo.