Ice crystals in supercooled clouds may form upon ice nuclei, or they may arise through secondary processes. Two of these secondary ice “multiplication” mechanisms are discussed in some detail: the rime-splintering process and the mechanical fracture of ice particles. The nature of the water-drop size distribution has an important bearing on secondary ice production. Confident predictions of ice particle concentration can only be made in a few limited cloud situations. This is a serious handicap in assessing the feasibility of artificial rainmaking through the ice crystal process.
Research Article| 1 March 1985
The Origin and Concentration of Ice Crystals in Clouds
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. (1985) 66 (3): 264–273.
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Mossop, S. C., 1985: The Origin and Concentration of Ice Crystals in Clouds. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 66, 264–273, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(1985)066<0264:TOACOI>2.0.CO;2.
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