Static stability should not be evaluated from the local lapse rate. There is a growing body of observations, such as within portions of mixed layers and forest canopies, showing that the whole sounding should be considered to evaluate stability. Air parcels can move across large vertical distances to create turbulence within regions that would otherwise have been considered stable or neutral according to classical local definitions. A nonlocal determination of static stability is presented that accounts for both the local lapse rate and for convective air parcels moving across finite distances. Such a method is necessary to properly estimate turbulence, dispersion, and vertical fluxes that affect our weather and climate forecasts. Teachers of introductory meteorology courses and textbook authors are encouraged to revise their static stability discussions to follow air parcel displacements from beginning to end.
Research Article| 1 October 1991
Static Stability—An Update
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. (1991) 72 (10): 1521–1530.
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Stull, R. B., 1991: Static Stability—An Update. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 72, 1521–1530, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(1991)072<1521:SSU>2.0.CO;2.
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