The Concordiasi project is making innovative observations of the atmosphere above Antarctica. The most important goals of the Concordiasi are as follows:

  • To enhance the accuracy of weather prediction and climate records in Antarctica through the assimilation of in situ and satellite data, with an emphasis on data provided by hyperspectral infrared sounders. The focus is on clouds, precipitation, and the mass budget of the ice sheets. The improvements in dynamical model analyses and forecasts will be used in chemical-transport models that describe the links between the polar vortex dynamics and ozone depletion, and to advance the under understanding of the Earth system by examining the interactions between Antarctica and lower latitudes.

  • To improve our understanding of microphysical and dynamical processes controlling the polar ozone, by providing the first quasi-Lagrangian observations of stratospheric ozone and particles, in addition to an improved characterization of the 3D polar vortex dynamics. Techniques for assimilating these Lagrangian observations are being developed.

A major Concordiasi component is a field experiment during the austral springs of 2008–10. The field activities in 2010 are based on a constellation of up to 18 long-duration stratospheric super-pressure balloons (SPBs) deployed from the McMurdo station. Six of these balloons will carry GPS receivers and in situ instruments measuring temperature, pressure, ozone, and particles. Twelve of the balloons will release dropsondes on demand for measuring atmospheric parameters. Lastly, radiosounding measurements are collected at various sites, including the Concordia station.

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Footnotes

CNRM/GAME (Météo-France and CNRS), Toulouse, France

LGGE, Grenoble, France

LMD, Paris, France

CNES, Toulouse, France

NCAR, Boulder, Colorado

University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming

Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana

University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado

UCLA, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

GMAO, NASA GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland

PNRA, Rome, Italy

IPEV, Brest, France

ECMWF, Reading, United Kingdom

CAWCR, Melbourne, Australia