The operational system provides a suite of QPE products at 1-km resolution and 10-min update cycle over Taiwan and adjacent ocean based on multi-wavelength radar, gauge and atmospheric environmental and climatological data.
Over the last two decades, the Central Weather Bureau of Taiwan and the United States National Severe Storms Laboratory have been involved in a research and development collaboration to improve the monitoring and prediction of river flooding, flash floods, debris flows and severe storms for Taiwan. The collaboration resulted in the Quantitative Precipitation Estimation and Segregation Using Multiple Sensors (QPESUMS) system. The QPESUMS system integrates observations from multiple mixed band weather radars, rain gauges and numerical weather prediction model fields to produce high resolution (1 km) and rapid update (10 min) rainfall and severe storm monitoring and prediction products. The rainfall products are widely used by government agencies and emergency managers in Taiwan for flood and mudslide warnings as well as for water resource management. The 3D reflectivity mosaic and QPE products are also used in high-resolution radar data assimilation and for the verification of numerical weather prediction model forecasts. The system facilitated collaborations with academic communities for research and development of radar applications including quantitative precipitation estimation and nowcasting. This paper provides an overview of the operational QPE capabilities in the Taiwan QPESUMS system.