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Whither the Stable Boundary Layer?

A Shift in the Research Agenda

H. J. S. Fernando
and
J. C. Weil
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Christian Jakob

Meeting societal needs in weather, seasonal, and decadal prediction and climate projection requires a continuous improvement of the main tools used in making the predictions—global models of the Earth system. Despite significant progress in model development over the past few decades, several long-standing model systematic errors remain in most global models. This essay analyzes the model development process with the aim to identify a strategy to accelerate model development. It is argued that the main effort in doing so must focus on two main areas: i) improved diagnostic techniques that are aimed directly at identifying the key process involved in the major model errors and ii) a significant increase in the size of the currently too-small model development community through better collaboration of the academic community with modeling centers and through improving the image of the science of model development in the broader community. Success will strongly depend on the ability of bringing several communities together to work jointly in large national and international research programs.

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Rezaul Mahmood
,
Roger A. Pielke Sr.
,
Kenneth G. Hubbard
,
Dev Niyogi
,
Gordon Bonan
,
Peter Lawrence
,
Richard McNider
,
Clive McAlpine
,
Andres Etter
,
Samuel Gameda
,
Budong Qian
,
Andrew Carleton
,
Adriana Beltran-Przekurat
,
Thomas Chase
,
Arturo I. Quintanar
,
Jimmy O. Adegoke
,
Sajith Vezhapparambu
,
Glen Conner
,
Salvi Asefi
,
Elif Sertel
,
David R. Legates
,
Yuling Wu
,
Robert Hale
,
Oliver W. Frauenfeld
,
Anthony Watts
,
Marshall Shepherd
,
Chandana Mitra
,
Valentine G. Anantharaj
,
Souleymane Fall
,
Robert Lund
,
Anna Treviño
,
Peter Blanken
,
Jinyang Du
,
Hsin-I Chang
,
Ronnie Leeper
,
Udaysankar S. Nair
,
Scott Dobler
,
Ravinesh Deo
, and
Jozef Syktus
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Neil A. Stuart
,
Patrick S. Market
,
Bruce Telfeyan
,
Gary M. Lackmann
,
Kenneth Carey
,
Harold E. Brooks
,
Daniel Nietfeld
,
Brian C. Motta
, and
Ken Reeves
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Andrew Gettelman

The gap between the availability of information in developed and developing countries in climate and meteorology is described and detailed. The description is based on a recent survey of scientists around the world. The information divide results from the high costs of information and lack of resources in many countries and can be compounded by language difficulties and cultural differences. This has led to the breakdown in the flow of weather and forecast data, the flow of journals to developing countries, and the flow of the results of scientific work back to these same journals from developing countries. With the increasing electronic flow of information, many countries are also limited by costly and low-bandwidth access to the Internet. Several ideas for bridging the information divide are also presented, ranging from electronic distribution of journals, to increasing capacity to deal with information, to a commitment to include all users in new strategies for delivering information.

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