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Henry P. Huntington, Emma Archer, Walker S. Ashley, Susan L. Cutter, Michael A. Goldstein, Carla Roncoli, and Tanya L. Spero

Science requires evidence. Making data available lets other scientists replicate one’s analyses, confirm results, uncover errors, or find new insights. Moreover, gathering data can be expensive and time consuming. Because the same data can be used for a range of purposes, making data available can be an efficient use of limited research resources. Doing so can also improve traceability and, thus, accountability when it comes to research findings.

These reasons and more lie behind recent efforts to promote data availability. The American Meteorological Society (AMS) recently updated its data policy guidelines ( to require, among other things, that

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Henry P. Huntington and Gary M. Lackmann

In 2019, the American Meteorological Society (AMS) Publications Commission agreed to add the option of “significance statements” to published papers. Appearing after the abstract in a published paper, the significance statement is intended to explain why the research matters to society at large (see the Significance Statements web page for more information and guidance; Scientific papers are typically written to share information with other researchers but not so much with the general public and those who could put the ideas into practice. Significance statements are a way to bridge that gap so as to let a wider

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Robert M. Rauber

Expedited Contributions (ECs) have been a feature of American Meteorological Society (AMS) journals for six years. The twin goals of ECs when they were established were to reduce the time from submission to publication of research papers and to encourage authors to develop short, concise contributions to the journals. When ECs were created, the time to initial decision was nearly 80 days, and the production time (the time between acceptance and appearance online in final form) was approximately 160 days.

Since then, the time to initial decision has been reduced to 60 days, and also the production time has decreased

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Robert M. Rauber

Beginning with the January 2017 issues of AMS journals, the embargo period for journal content will be reduced from two years to one year. Executive Director Keith Seitter’s column in the December 2016 issue of BAMS provides the rationale for this change and is summarized below.

The mandate from the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) in 2013 laid out the goal for federal funding agencies to develop a plan to support increased public access to the results of federally funded research. For the atmospheric, oceanic, and hydrologic science research that is published in our journals, this

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Greg M. McFarquhar and Robert M. Rauber

The purpose of this editorial is to introduce the new approach the American Meteorological Society (AMS) has taken with Meteorological Monographs and to distinguish them from the special collections of journal articles. Moreover, whereas Meteorological Monographs were previously published like traditional hardbound books, henceforth they will be entirely open access and online, in addition to being available in print.

Goals of Meteorological Monographs

The AMS Meteorological Monographs series will consist of collections of review papers on topics in which rapid developments are currently being made, as well as collections of papers summarizing state-of-the-art knowledge (e.g., from recent special topical meetings).

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Amanda H. Lynch

As AMS Executive Director Keith Seitter wrote in the 45 Beacon column in the December issue of the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, this past fall the AMS Council made the very important decision to eliminate all author charges associated with publishing in Weather, Climate, and Society (WCAS). He wrote, “This change in policy acknowledges that the author base for this journal is different from that of the other AMS journals, and highlights the commitment of the Society to engage with those in the social sciences as integral members of the AMS community

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David M. Schultz, Robert M. Rauber, and Kenneth F. Heideman

One of the foundations of science is that published work be an original contribution by the named author or authors. As global science grows, more authors are encouraged to publish, more papers are being published, and the pressure to publish increases. Authors submitting manuscripts to the journals of the American Meteorological Society (AMS) must confirm to AMS that the work has not been published in other journals. As a requirement to enter peer review, authors also should have read and accepted the conditions of “Author Disclosure and Obligations” at Items 5–7 discuss plagiarism, self-plagiarism, and fragmentation and

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Matthew S. Mayernik, Mohan K. Ramamurthy, and Robert M. Rauber

On 25 February 2015, the American Meteorological Society (AMS) posted in the AMS author guidelines a new set of recommendations for AMS journals titled, “Data Archiving and Citation.” These recommendations promote the archiving of data related to papers published in AMS journals and provide guidelines for how such data should be cited within AMS papers (

The AMS academic, government, and commercial sectors rely on the production, management, and distribution of data related to environmental phenomena. In the policy statement, “Full and Open Access to Data,” adopted by the AMS Council in December 2013, AMS affirmed its commitment

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David M. Schultz and Vladimir Janković

High-impact weather events are often accompanied in scientific, media, and policy circles by discussion of whether the events were associated with or enhanced by anthropogenic climate change. Although such discussion may be interesting scientifically, weather events will happen whether or not climate change is occurring—reducing carbon dioxide emissions will not eliminate the damage from tornadoes. Society, however, can choose to respond in a way to both reduce anthropogenic climate change and develop resilience to individual weather events.

One of the long-term effects of climate change is predicted to be an increase in the intensity and frequency of many high-impact weather

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Ronald D. Brunner

In June 2002, at the opening of the 27th annual Natural Hazard Workshop in Boulder, Colorado, several hundred participants were asked to stand up one by one, and, in 10 seconds each, introduce themselves and explain why they were there. Gilbert White, the leading pioneer in natural hazards research, explained that he was looking for answers to a question: “Why, despite all the research on hazard mitigation over three decades, do losses from hazards continue to go up?”

White’s question implies that explaining the problem of increasing losses is not enough. As researchers, we share some portion of responsibility for

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