Abstract

For weather radars, range-oversampling processing was proposed as an effective way either to reduce the variance of radar-variable estimates without increasing scan times or to reduce scan times without increasing the variance of estimates. Range oversampling entails acquiring the received signals at a rate L times as fast as the reciprocal of the pulse width (the conventional rate), where L is referred to as the range-oversampling factor. To accommodate the L-times-as-fast sampling, the original formulation of range-oversampling processing required a receiver filter with a bandwidth L times as wide as that of the matched filter (the conventional receiver filter). In this case, the noise at the output of the receiver filter can still be assumed to be white, resulting in a simplified formulation of the technique but also, and more important, in a more difficult practical implementation since the receiver filter in operational weather radars is typically matched to the transmitted pulse. In this work, we revisit the role of the receiver filter in the performance of range-oversampling processing and show that using a receiver matched filter not only facilitates the implementation of range-oversampling processing but also results in the lowest variance of radar-variable estimates.

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