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  • Author or Editor: Edmond W. Holroyd III x
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Arlin B. Super, Bruce A. Boe, Edmond W. Holroyd III, and James A. Heimbach Jr.

Abstract

A series of winter orographic cloud seeding experiments is described in which the seeding agent and associated changes in cloud microphysics are monitored to within 300 m of the target areas (Montana and Colorado), and at the surface (Colorado only). This, the first paper in a three-part series, discusses the underlying physical hypothesis and experimental approach, and describes in detail the instrumentation used. The results of the physical evaluations, presented in Parts II and III, show that marked microphysical changes were caused by both ground-based and aircraft seeding with silver iodide.

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Paul L. Smith, Arnett S. Dennis, Bernard A. Silverman, Arlin B. Super, Edmond W. Holroyd III, William A. Cooper, Paul W. Mielke Jr., Kenneth J. Berry, Harold D. Orville, and James R. Miller Jr.

Abstract

The design and conduct of HIPLEX-1, a randomized seeding experiment carried out on small cumulus congestus clouds in eastern Montana, are outlined. The seeding agent was dry ice, introduced in an effort to produce microphysical effects, especially the earlier formation of precipitation in the seeded clouds. The earlier formation was expected to increase both the probability and the amount of precipitation from those small clouds with short lifetimes. The experimental unit selection procedure, treatment and randomization procedures, the physical hypothesis, measurement procedures and the response variables defined for the experiment are discussed. Procedures used to calculate the response variables from aircraft and radar measurements are summarized and the values of those variables for the 20 HIPLEX-1 test cases from 1979 and 1980 are tabulated.

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