Search Results

You are looking at 11 - 12 of 12 items for

  • Author or Editor: Sutanu Sarkar x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search
Hieu T. Pham
,
Sutanu Sarkar
,
William D. Smyth
,
James N. Moum
, and
Sally J. Warner

Abstract

Observations in the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrents (EUC) show that the nighttime deep-cycle turbulence (DCT) in the marginal-instability (MI) layer of the EUC exhibits seasonal variability that can modulate heat transport and sea surface temperature. Large-eddy simulations (LES), spanning a wide range of control parameters, are performed to identify the key processes that influence the turbulent heat flux at multiple time scales ranging from turbulent (minutes to hours) to daily to seasonal. The control parameters include wind stress, convective surface heat flux, shear magnitude, and thickness of the MI layer. In the LES, DCT occurs in discrete bursts during the night, exhibits high temporal variability within a burst, and modulates the mixed layer depth. At the daily time scale, turbulent heat flux generally increases with increasing wind stress, MI-layer shear, or nighttime convection. Convection is found to be important to mixing under weak wind, weak shear conditions. A parameterization for the daily averaged turbulent heat flux is developed from the LES suite to infer the variability of heat flux at the seasonal time scale. The LES-based parameterized heat flux, which takes into account the effects of all control parameters, exhibits a seasonal variability that is similar to the observed heat flux from the χ-pods.

Open access
Hemantha W. Wijesekera
,
Emily Shroyer
,
Amit Tandon
,
M. Ravichandran
,
Debasis Sengupta
,
S. U. P. Jinadasa
,
Harindra J. S. Fernando
,
Neeraj Agrawal
,
K. Arulananthan
,
G. S. Bhat
,
Mark Baumgartner
,
Jared Buckley
,
Luca Centurioni
,
Patrick Conry
,
J. Thomas Farrar
,
Arnold L. Gordon
,
Verena Hormann
,
Ewa Jarosz
,
Tommy G. Jensen
,
Shaun Johnston
,
Matthias Lankhorst
,
Craig M. Lee
,
Laura S. Leo
,
Iossif Lozovatsky
,
Andrew J. Lucas
,
Jennifer Mackinnon
,
Amala Mahadevan
,
Jonathan Nash
,
Melissa M. Omand
,
Hieu Pham
,
Robert Pinkel
,
Luc Rainville
,
Sanjiv Ramachandran
,
Daniel L. Rudnick
,
Sutanu Sarkar
,
Uwe Send
,
Rashmi Sharma
,
Harper Simmons
,
Kathleen M. Stafford
,
Louis St. Laurent
,
Karan Venayagamoorthy
,
Ramasamy Venkatesan
,
William J. Teague
,
David W. Wang
,
Amy F. Waterhouse
,
Robert Weller
, and
Caitlin B. Whalen

Abstract

Air–Sea Interactions in the Northern Indian Ocean (ASIRI) is an international research effort (2013–17) aimed at understanding and quantifying coupled atmosphere–ocean dynamics of the Bay of Bengal (BoB) with relevance to Indian Ocean monsoons. Working collaboratively, more than 20 research institutions are acquiring field observations coupled with operational and high-resolution models to address scientific issues that have stymied the monsoon predictability. ASIRI combines new and mature observational technologies to resolve submesoscale to regional-scale currents and hydrophysical fields. These data reveal BoB’s sharp frontal features, submesoscale variability, low-salinity lenses and filaments, and shallow mixed layers, with relatively weak turbulent mixing. Observed physical features include energetic high-frequency internal waves in the southern BoB, energetic mesoscale and submesoscale features including an intrathermocline eddy in the central BoB, and a high-resolution view of the exchange along the periphery of Sri Lanka, which includes the 100-km-wide East India Coastal Current (EICC) carrying low-salinity water out of the BoB and an adjacent, broad northward flow (∼300 km wide) that carries high-salinity water into BoB during the northeast monsoon. Atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) observations during the decaying phase of the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) permit the study of multiscale atmospheric processes associated with non-MJO phenomena and their impacts on the marine boundary layer. Underway analyses that integrate observations and numerical simulations shed light on how air–sea interactions control the ABL and upper-ocean processes.

Full access