Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 1 of 1 items for :

  • Author or Editor: David R. Novak x
  • The Investigation of Microphysics and Precipitation for Atlantic Coast-Threatening Snowstorms (IMPACTS) x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search
Lynn A. McMurdie
,
Gerald M. Heymsfield
,
John E. Yorks
,
Scott A. Braun
,
Gail Skofronick-Jackson
,
Robert M. Rauber
,
Sandra Yuter
,
Brian Colle
,
Greg M. McFarquhar
,
Michael Poellot
,
David R. Novak
,
Timothy J. Lang
,
Rachael Kroodsma
,
Matthew McLinden
,
Mariko Oue
,
Pavlos Kollias
,
Matthew R. Kumjian
,
Steven J. Greybush
,
Andrew J. Heymsfield
,
Joseph A. Finlon
,
Victoria L. McDonald
, and
Stephen Nicholls

Abstract

The Investigation of Microphysics and Precipitation for Atlantic Coast-Threatening Snowstorms (IMPACTS) is a NASA-sponsored field campaign to study wintertime snowstorms focusing on East Coast cyclones. This large cooperative effort takes place during the winters of 2020–23 to study precipitation variability in winter cyclones to improve remote sensing and numerical forecasts of snowfall. Snowfall within these storms is frequently organized in banded structures on multiple scales. The causes for the occurrence and evolution of a wide spectrum of snowbands remain poorly understood. The goals of IMPACTS are to characterize the spatial and temporal scales and structures of snowbands, understand their dynamical, thermodynamical, and microphysical processes, and apply this understanding to improve remote sensing and modeling of snowfall. The first deployment took place in January–February 2020 with two aircraft that flew coordinated flight patterns and sampled a range of storms from the Midwest to the East Coast. The satellite-simulating ER-2 aircraft flew above the clouds and carried a suite of remote sensing instruments including cloud and precipitation radars, lidar, and passive microwave radiometers. The in situ P-3 aircraft flew within the clouds and sampled environmental and microphysical quantities. Ground-based radar measurements from the National Weather Service network and a suite of radars located on Long Island, New York, along with supplemental soundings and the New York State Mesonet ground network provided environmental context for the airborne observations. Future deployments will occur during the 2022 and 2023 winters. The coordination between remote sensing and in situ platforms makes this a unique publicly available dataset applicable to a wide variety of interests.

Full access