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  • Author or Editor: E. Paul Mcclain x
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E. Paul McClain

Some important European and American foehn research is reviewed briefly. A single winter chinook situation is analyzed in some detail using surface and upper-air synoptic data. Surface chinook winds in Montana are traced back westward and found over the Great Basin area in the middle troposphere. Qualitative evidence is found of ascent in the middle and upper troposphere above the descending foehn current. High- and low-level chinooks are differentiated, and the properties of chinook air are discussed.

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Alan E. Strong
E. Paul McClain

Multi-window infrared measurements, together with visual channel observations, enable relatively high-resolution and accurate local, regional, and global retrievals of ocean surface temperatures to be repetitively and routinely obtained from operational environmental satellites. Drifting buoys appear to be the best means to date of validating the satellite estimates. Root mean square differences of about 0.6°C are found between satellite and drifter, whereas with ships-of-opportunity they are 1.8°C. Fixed buoy comparisons fall between these extremes.

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