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  • Author or Editor: J. A. Businger x
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W. G. Large and J. A. Businger


The DISSTRESS system for remote measurements of the surface wind stress over the ocean from ships and buoys is described. It is fully digital, utilizing the inertial dissipation technique. Parallel processing allows anemometer data to be filtered in natural frequency space; that is, the fitter cutoffs shift linearly with the mean wind speed of the data to be filtered. The construction of the digital Butterworth bandpass filters is presented in detail.

The performance of the system is evaluated by analyzing the results from 28 days of operation during FASINEX. The mean wind speed is checked, the anemometer response function is established, and drag coefficients are compared to previous studies. The capability of the system is demonstrated by continuous time series of the friction velocity computed every 20 min. The conclusion is that the surface wind stress can be measured more reliably and accurately (20%) with this system than from anemometer wind speeds and a bulk formula.

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S. F. Zhang, J. C. Wyngaard, J. A. Businger, and S. P. Oncley


A new sonic anemometer, called the U.W. sonic anemometer, has been designed to minimize the flow distortion due to the transducer wakes. We present a general analytical model for calculating the effect of these transducer wakes on measured velocity spectra, and show that the effects in the U.W. sonic anemometer are indeed less than in conventional arrays. We suggest a method of correcting for the errors caused by the transducer wakes.

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