Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 1 of 1 items for :

  • Author or Editor: Jeff Hansen x
  • Monthly Weather Review x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search
Daniel Gombos
James A. Hansen
Jun Du
, and
Jeff McQueen


A minimum spanning tree (MST) rank histogram (RH) is a multidimensional ensemble reliability verification tool. The construction of debiased, decorrelated, and covariance-homogenized MST RHs is described. Experiments using Euclidean L 2, variance, and Mahalanobis norms imply that, unless the number of ensemble members is less than or equal to the number of dimensions being verified, the Mahalanobis norm transforms the problem into a space where ensemble imperfections are most readily identified. Short-Range Ensemble Forecast Mahalanobis-normed MST RHs for a cluster of northeastern U.S. cities show that forecasts of the temperature–humidity index are the most reliable of those considered, followed by mean sea level pressure, 2-m temperature, and 10-m wind speed forecasts. MST RHs of a Southwest city cluster illustrate that 2-m temperature forecasts are the most reliable weather component in this region, followed by mean sea level pressure, 10-m wind speed, and the temperature–humidity index. Forecast reliabilities of the Southwest city cluster are generally less reliable than those of the Northeast cluster.

Full access