Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for :

  • Author or Editor: Jing Zhang x
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search
Qiong Wu
,
Hong-Qing Wang
,
Yin-Jing Lin
,
Yi-Zhou Zhuang
, and
Yan Zhang

Abstract

An optical flow algorithm based on polynomial expansion (OFAPE) was used to derive atmospheric motion vectors (AMVs) from geostationary satellite images. In OFAPE, there are two parameters that can affect the AMV results: the sizes of the expansion window and optimization window. They should be determined according to the temporal interval and spatial resolution of satellite images. A helpful experiment was conducted for selecting those sizes. The limitations of window sizes can cause loss of strong wind speed, and an image-pyramid scheme was used to overcome this problem. Determining the heights of AMVs for semitransparent cloud pixels (STCPs) is challenging work in AMV derivation. In this study, two-dimensional histograms (H2Ds) between infrared brightness temperatures (6.7- and 10.8-μm channels) formed from a long time series of cloud images were used to identify the STCPs and to estimate their actual temperatures/heights. The results obtained from H2Ds were contrasted with CloudSat radar reflectivity and CALIPSO cloud-feature mask data. Finally, in order to verify the algorithm adaptability, three-month AMVs (JJA 2013) were calculated and compared with the wind fields of ERA data and the NOAA/ESRL radiosonde observations in three aspects: speed, direction, and vector difference.

Full access
Haihong Guo
,
Zhaohui Chen
,
Haiyuan Yang
,
Yu Long
,
Ruichen Zhu
,
Yueqi Zhang
,
Zhao Jing
, and
Chen Yang

Abstract

In this study, an effective method of estimating the volume transport of the Kuroshio Extension (KE) is proposed using surface geostrophic flow inferred from satellite altimetry and vertical stratification derived from climatological temperature/salinity (T/S) profiles. Based on velocity measurements by a subsurface mooring array across the KE, we found that the vertical structure of horizontal flow in this region is dominated by the barotropic and first baroclinic normal modes, which is commendably described by the leading mode of empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs) of the observed velocity profiles as well. Further analysis demonstrates that the projection coefficient of moored velocity onto the superimposed vertical normal mode can be represented by the surface geostrophic velocity as derived from satellite altimetry. Given this relationship, we proposed a dynamical method to estimate the volume transport across the KE jet, which is well verified with both ocean reanalysis and repeated hydrographic data. This finding implicates that, in the regions where the currents render quasi-barotropic structure, it takes only satellite altimetry observation and climatological T/S to estimate the volume transport across any section.

Significance Statement

The Kuroshio Extension (KE) plays an important role in the midlatitude North Pacific climate system. To better understand the KE dynamic and its influences, it is very important to estimate the KE transport. However, direct observation is very difficult in this area. Combining a subsurface mooring array and climatological temperature/salinity data, the vertical structure of the KE is explored in this study using mode decomposition methods. The relationship between the vertical structure of the zonal velocity and surface geostrophic flow observed by satellite altimetry in the KE region is further investigated. Based on this relationship, the KE transport can be well estimated by using satellite altimetry observation and historical hydrographic observation.

Restricted access