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  • Author or Editor: L. Rieger x
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C. A. McLinden
,
A. E. Bourassa
,
S. Brohede
,
M. Cooper
,
D. A. Degenstein
,
W. J. F. Evans
,
R. L. Gattinger
,
C. S. Haley
,
E. J. Llewellyn
,
N. D. Lloyd
,
P. Loewen
,
R. V. Martin
,
J. C. McConnell
,
I. C. McDade
,
D. Murtagh
,
L. Rieger
,
C. von Savigny
,
P. E. Sheese
,
C. E. Sioris
,
B. Solheim
, and
K. Strong

On 20 February 2001, a converted Russian ICBM delivered Odin, a small Swedish satellite, into low Earth orbit. One of the sensors onboard is a small Canadian spectrometer called OSIRIS. By measuring scattered sunlight from Earth's horizon, or limb, OSIRIS is able to deduce the abundance of trace gases and particles from the upper troposphere into the lower thermosphere. Designed and built on a modest budget, OSIRIS has exceeded not only its 2-yr lifetime but also all expectations. With more than a decade of continuous data, OSIRIS has recorded over 1.8 million limb scans. The complexities associated with unraveling scattered light in order to convert OSIRIS spectra into highquality geophysical profiles have forced the OSIRIS team to develop leading-edge algorithms and computer models. These profiles are being used to help address many science questions, including the coupling of atmospheric regions (e.g., stratosphere–troposphere exchange) and the budgets and trends in ozone, nitrogen, bromine, and other species. One specific example is the distribution and abundance of upper-tropospheric, lightning-produced reactive nitrogen and ozone. Arguably OSIRIS's most important contributions come from its aerosol measurements, including detection and characterization of subvisual cirrus and polar stratospheric and mesospheric clouds. OSIRIS also provides a unique view of the stratospheric aerosol layer, and it is able to identify and track perturbations from volcanic activity and biomass burning.

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