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Seymour Hess
and
Sergei M. Fomenko

Abstract

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Robert M. Henry
and
Seymour L. Hess

Abstract

Methods are developed for determining the contribution by each harmonic wave component to the geostrophic kinetic energy of meridional and zonal motion, and to the geostrophic fluxes of angular momentum and enthalpy. Evaluations are carried out for each day of January 1951 for selected latitudes and pressure surfaces and the resulting spectral distributions discussed. Salient features are large spatial and temporal variations of the energy spectra and unexpectedly large contributions by the lower wave numbers to the fluxes of momentum and heat.

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Seymour L. Hess
and
Robert M. Frank

Abstract

An attempt is made to explain the observed distribution of mean temperature near the earth's surface over latitude and through the year in terms of insolation, radiative processes, and large-scale atmospheric eddy conduction of sensible heat. The results are close to the observations and indicate that these three factors explain most of the observed distribution. The larger discrepancies are all explainable in terms of physical factors which were not included in the theory.

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