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Peter Siegmund, Henk Eskes, and Peter van Velthoven


The ozone budget in the Antarctic region during the stratospheric warming in 2002 is studied, using ozone analyses from the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI) ozone-transport and assimilation model called TM3DAM. The results show a strong poleward ozone mass flux during this event south of 45°S between about 20 and 40 hPa, which is about 5 times as large as the ozone flux in 2001 and 2000, and is dominated by eddy transport. Above 10 hPa, there exists a partially compensating equatorward ozone flux, which is dominated by the mean meridional circulation. During this event, not only the ozone column but also the ozone depletion rate in the Antarctic region, computed as a residual from the total ozone tendency and the ozone mass flux into this region, is large. The September–October integrated ozone depletion in 2002 is similar to that in 2000 and larger than that in 2001. Simulations for September 2002 with and without ozone assimilation and parameterized ozone chemistry indicate that the parameterized ozone chemistry alone is able to produce the evolution of the ozone layer in the Antarctic region in agreement with observations. A comparison of the ozone loss directly computed from the model’s chemistry parameterization with the residual ozone loss in a simulation with parameterized chemistry but without ozone assimilation shows that the numerical error in the residual ozone loss is small.

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