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S. Trivikrama Rao and Carl B. Ketchum

Abstract

This paper reports the results of a statistical study of the temperature field of several examples of regular wave, vacillating flow and irregular flow in a rotating annulus with a gap width of 10 cm using a limited number of thermocouples. The primary results indicate that the regular waves produce several wavenumber harmonies through nonlinear interactions. The wavenumber harmonies decrease in the vacillating flow and are not detectable in the irregular flow. Further, the azimuthal coherence of the flow in the irregular regime decreases very rapidly in azimuth, and yet the vertical coherence is extremely high at all frequencies indicating a strong two-dimensional character of the irregular regime.

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S. Trivikrama Rao and Carl B. Ketchum

Abstract

The spectral characteristics of the temperature field associated with the baroclinic waves in a rotating annulus of water with a rigid upper surface are presented as an extension of Rao and Ketchum (1975). The results indicate a clear nonlinear maintenance of the harmonies of the fundamental wave in the equilibrated state similar to the feature observed with a free upper surface. The period of the temperature oscillation in the case of rigid upper surface is approximately four times longer than that with a free upper surface.

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