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Hong-Hai Zhang, Gui-Peng Yang, Chun-Ying Liu, and Lu-Ping Su

Abstract

The total suspended particulate (TSP) samples over the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea were collected to determine the major compositions of water-soluble ionic species during two cruises in autumn 2007. The aerosol compositions exhibited an obvious regional variation between the two cruises, with higher concentrations (except Na+ and Mg2+) over the northern Yellow Sea during the first cruise. The concentrations of the secondary ions [non–sea salt sulfate (nss-), , and ] were 11 ± 4.9, 3.1 ± 2.1, and 3.7 ± 2.6 μg m−3, respectively, which together contributed over 72% of the total determined ion concentrations. Significant correlations between these secondary ions were found within each sampling period, while nss-K+ and nss-Ca2+ showed strong correlation with each other. The calculated results of equivalent concentrations of anions (nss- and ) and cations ( and Ca2+) showed that the acidic species were mostly neutralized with the alkaline species over the study areas. The mass ratio of nss-/ was 1.4 during the investigation period. In addition, the concentrations of MSA were 0.011 ± 0.044 and 0.0081 ± 0.0047 μg m−3 during the two cruises, respectively. Based on the measured MSA, nss-, and their ratios, the relative biogenic sulfur contribution to the total nss- was estimated to be only 2.0% during the two cruises, further suggesting the major contribution of anthropogenic source to sulfur budget over the marginal seas of China.

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