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Randall S. Cerveny, Pierre Bessemoulin, Christopher C. Burt, Mary Ann Cooper, Zhang Cunjie, Ashraf Dewan, Jonathan Finch, Ronald L. Holle, Laurence Kalkstein, Andries Kruger, Tsz-cheung Lee, Rodney Martínez, M. Mohapatra, D. R. Pattanaik, Thomas C. Peterson, Scott Sheridan, Blair Trewin, Andrew Tait, and M. M. Abdel Wahab

) deadliest lightning strike (indirect death), 2) deadliest lightning strike (direct death), 3) deadliest tropical cyclone, 4) deadliest tornado, and 5) deadliest hailstorm. These five disasters were selected because at this time these four aspects of meteorology (lightning, tropical cyclone, tornado, and hailstorm) currently exist in the WMO Archive of Weather and Climate Extremes and therefore provide an initial foundation for meteorologically related mortality extremes. In the future, it is likely that

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Xi Hu, Xiujuan Zhang, and Jiuchang Wei

the direct reactions of social media users to online warnings, the elements within a warning that can influence public attention, and the mechanism of the influence process. Specifically, Sina Weibo is chosen as the current research context. We identify and classify the potential factors into three categories based on the protective action decision model (PADM) and framing theory: hazard attributes, framing factors, and publisher’s/reader’s characteristics. Since Weibo enables users to directly

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Eliza de Vet

these weather boundaries on physical and outdoor activities may appear limiting, alterations may not be dramatically different from current weather responses. If participants’ physical and outdoor practices reflect broader local culture, findings suggest that Darwin residents possess some strong capabilities to respond to future environmental change. 6) Responding to weather with sweat and tolerance Despite all efforts to move with weather, sweaty and/or less than comfortable weather conditions

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Samuel J. Childs, Russ S. Schumacher, and Stephen M. Strader

(37°–41°N, 102°–105.3°W; Fig. 1 ) offers an excellent example of the cumulative effects that meteorology and population can have on a local population that may not be gleaned from studying a broader area. Fig . 1. Location of the eastern Colorado domain that is considered in this study (37°–41°N, 102°–105.3°W). Eastern Colorado has an intriguing severe weather climatology unique from other well-known severe weather regions of the United States. Here, a moist boundary layer, directional wind shear

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Torbjørn Selseng, Marit Klemetsen, and Tone Rusdal

taken to preserve stability and resist the drivers of hazard and vulnerability,” incremental adjustments as “adjustments that preserve systems integrity when conditions change,” and transformation as “measures that challenge the stability of current systems.” Proponents of the transformation strategy argue that as the challenges with social and environmental sustainability lie within the very structures of the present economic and power system, a radical transformation is imperative to achieve real

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Jessica Bolson and Kenneth Broad

conclude with a discussion of the broader implications of our findings for current U.S. climate service initiatives related to water resource management. Seasonal climate forecast use within U.S. water agencies Water management challenges that exist during average conditions are exacerbated in years that are wetter or drier than normal. Rationally, strategies to reduce risk and improve water management outcomes during these years are sought after. One strategy, the implementation of seasonal climate

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J. Nalau, S. Becken, S. Noakes, and B. Mackey

growing institutional support and demand to integrate climate information into decision-making ( Weaver et al. 2013 ), and local climate information in particular is seen as helpful in climate adaptation planning ( Bafaluy et al. 2014 ; Hazeleger et al. 2015 ). Yet, such integration has, for the most part, not translated into tangible actions and planning within the sector ( Scott et al. 2016 ). Currently, only limited research exists on the tourism industry’s use of weather forecasts ( Rutty and

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Keith R. Spangler, Amanda H. Lynch, and Stephanie A. Spera

socioeconomic benefits in Mato Grosso ( VanWey et al. 2013 ), its relative novelty in Brazil more broadly invites questions about its sustainability, particularly within the context of climate change: it is not yet known whether uncertainties presented by changing precipitation regimes ( Chou et al. 2012 ) will affect the suitability for double cropping in this region, where nearly all of the cropland is currently rain fed. And while significant policy and research attention has been given to the Amazon

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David Samuel Williams

capacity and capability for implementing climate change adaptation measures ( Dilling et al. 2019 ). Local stakeholder groups should therefore be actively involved and integrated into planning and research rather than passive recipients of programs designed by others ( Bockstael and Berkes 2017 ; Dilling et al. 2019 ). There is a growing body of research, however, demonstrating that current practices in climate change adaptation are failing to reach stakeholder groups most in need of adaptation ( Chu

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Erik Løhre, Marie Juanchich, Miroslav Sirota, Karl Halvor Teigen, and Theodore G. Shepherd

complete the questionnaires. Both of these types of convenience samples are typical in psychology experiments and are often reasonably similar to community samples ( Goodman et al. 2013 ; Paolacci et al. 2010 ). For the purpose of the current studies, namely to investigate subjective perceptions of interval forecasts of climate change, we would expect that participants from these samples should be at least as well equipped (if not better) to interpret the information as more representative samples

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