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Mengqi Ye, Jidong Wu, Cailin Wang, and Xin He

assess how TC-induced rainfall affects economic exposure estimations at the TC level and 2) to analyze the spatiotemporal variations of GDP and asset value exposed to TCs from 1990 to 2100 on the mainland of China. Given the considerable uncertainties involved in projecting changes in TC activities under future climate change ( Murakami et al. 2012 ), we estimated only the impact of socioeconomic change when projecting future TC economic exposure change and held TC activity constant at its current

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Michael D. Gerst, Melissa A. Kenney, Allison E. Baer, Amanda Speciale, J. Felix Wolfinger, Jon Gottschalck, Scott Handel, Matthew Rosencrans, and David Dewitt

understandability of modified visualizations on the general public and end users. The results from this study provide evidence for which modifications improve the understandability of NOAA climate outlooks, and more generally, which visualization best practices yield improvements. 2. Background a. Climate prediction center outlooks While the U.S. federal government has been producing extended-range and long-lead temperature and precipitation forecasts since the 1940s, the current suite of products generated by

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Teresa A. Myers, Edward W. Maibach, Bernadette Woods Placky, Kimberly L. Henry, Michael D. Slater, and Keith L. Seitter

). The story packages include a narrative description of the content displayed (including the methodology by which the graphics were produced) and often feature localized information, because local news focuses primarily on locally relevant events. The story packages also aim to be relevant to current weather and seasonal climatic conditions, or to other events in the news cycle (e.g., Halloween, Superbowl Sunday), so as to include a news hook whenever possible (see Figs. 1 – 4 for examples of

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Jeffrey Czajkowski and James Done

affecting the United States . Nat. Hazards , 58 , 541 – 557 . Jain, V. , 2010 : The role of wind duration in damage estimation. AIR Currents, 4 pp. [Available online at http://www.air-worldwide.com/Publications/AIR-Currents/attachments/AIRCurrents–The-Role-of-Wind-Duration-in-Damage-Estimation/ .] Kantha, L. , 2006 : Time to replace the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale? Eos, Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union , 87 , 3–6 . Klawa, M. , and Ulbrich U. , 2003 : A model for the estimation of

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Elspeth Oppermann, Yolande Strengers, Cecily Maller, Lauren Rickards, and Matt Brearley

change. These have generally been in relation to mitigation and sustainable consumption ( Shove et al. 2012 ; Shove and Spurling 2013 ; Spaargaren 2011 ; Spaargaren et al. 2016 ) or broadening resilience to energy and water shortages by improving householders’ adaptive capacity ( Strengers and Maller 2012 ). Here, we employ social practice theory to reframe the question of how outdoor workers currently deal with extreme environmental heat in Australia’s monsoon tropics and identify implications

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Jen Henderson, Lisa Dilling, Rebecca Morss, Olga Wilhelmi, and Ursula Rick

the Arkansas River basin in Colorado as empirical examples of social learning. In both cases, local actors working across sectors have successfully mitigated maladaptive processes that, at one time, unintentionally magnified harm to others. Specifically, we identify four features of social learning that facilitated this adaptive capacity: first, collaborative governance structures that facilitated more holistic river management; second, relationship boundaries that expanded beyond small

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Gabrielle Wong-Parodi and Irina Feygina

address these shortcomings, we propose a research approach that systematically examines key psychosocial predictors of evacuation and preparation behaviors and does so in real time—during the occurrence of an extreme weather event—so as to assess current mental health, self-efficacy, and social support and to determine their dynamic impact on decision-making in the face of risk. This approach can yield important insights into the role these key psychological factors play in evacuation and preparation

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Aglaé Jézéquel, Vivian Dépoues, Hélène Guillemot, Amélie Rajaud, Mélodie Trolliet, Mathieu Vrac, Jean-Paul Vanderlinden, and Pascal Yiou

what the interviewees said about it, and, if relevant, the conclusions of the EUCLEIA reports. We conclude each subsection with a discussion on the value of EEA for the identified use. 4. Using scientifically grounded attribution statements per se a. Using EEA to answer curiosity Hulme (2014) advances the motivation of scientific curiosity, as attribution of individual events “piques the scientific mind” (p. 3). It pushes the boundaries of climate models by asking them different questions, and

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Joseph E. Trainor, Danielle Nagele, Brenda Philips, and Brittany Scott

et al. (2006) for an example]. Our research begins to address some of these questions by examining the impacts of tornado false alarms on public perception and behavior. The current analysis adopts a sociological perspective on risk perception. The approach suggests that it is “a basic sociological task to explain how social agents create and use boundaries to demarcate that which is (or is not) dangerous” ( Clarke and Short 1993 , p. 379). Further, the view calls on social scientists to explore

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Kelsey J. Mulder, Matthew Lickiss, Natalie Harvey, Alison Black, Andrew Charlton-Perez, Helen Dacre, and Rachel McCloy

approximately 45 min to complete the survey. After they had completed the survey, there were a series of presentations from operations specialists and researchers discussing current challenges and recent advances in volcanic ash forecasting and observations. At the end of the day, there was an open group discussion about forecasting and communicating uncertainty of volcanic ash in aviation. The survey consisted of four sections: low-, medium-, and high-risk flight decisions across three different graphic

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