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Amanda E. Cravens, Jamie McEvoy, Dionne Zoanni, Shelley Crausbay, Aaron Ramirez, and Ashley E. Cooper

diverted to irrigation; the UMH has some 474 000 acres of cropland ( Raheem et. al 2019 ). The basin experiences frequent drought, which is compounded by the Gallatin Valley’s rapidly growing population (which has doubled since 1990) and the region’s shifting demographics and land use as the economy diversifies beyond its traditional base of agriculture and tourism ( Rasker 2018 ). The basin is recognized for its outdoor recreation, which includes recreational fishing, skiing, hiking, and wildlife

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Michael Paolisso, Ellen Douglas, Ashley Enrici, Paul Kirshen, Chris Watson, and Matthias Ruth

. For example, the National Wildlife Federation recommends (i) requiring local governments to consider sea level rise when amending their plans for coastal land use; (ii) expanding Maryland and Virginia’s 100-ft buffer zones and increasing the enforcement of existing buffer zone areas; and (iii) developing policies such as rolling easements or mandatory setbacks to discourage new development in vulnerable coastal areas ( Glick et al. 2008 , p. 10; see also Chesapeake Bay Foundation 2007 ). However

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Lee Tryhorn

miles of estuaries ( DEC 2000 ). Stormwater runoff is also a major culprit in urban flooding and changes to the precipitation regime are intensifying this problem. Increases in the frequency and magnitude of extreme rainfall events have been documented in New York State ( Fig. 1 ). These changes are among the largest seen within the United States ( DeGaetano 2009 ). Climate change projections suggest that these increases will continue ( Frumhoff et al. 2007 ). Changes in land use are also likely to

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Joshua J. Hatzis, Jennifer Koch, and Harold E. Brooks

. , 9 , 109 – 123 , https://doi.org/10.1175/WCAS-D-16-0041.1 . 10.1175/WCAS-D-16-0041.1 Strader , S. M. , W. S. Ashley , T. J. Pingel , and A. J. Krmenec , 2017b : Projected 21st century changes in tornado exposure, risk, and disaster potential . Climatic Change , 141 , 301 – 313 , https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-017-1905-4 . 10.1007/s10584-017-1905-4 Strader , S. M. , W. S. Ashley , T. J. Pingel , and A. J. Krmenec , 2018 : How land use alters the tornado disaster landscape . Appl

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Jagadish Thaker, Edward Maibach, Anthony Leiserowitz, Xiaoquan Zhao, and Peter Howe

variance in the outcome variable that can be attributed to the independent variable(s) of interest. Twelve variables were used as control variables in this study: respondent’s sex, age, income levels, educational attainment, caste groups (as identified by the Government of India), source of drinking water, payment for water, time to collect water, access to sanitation, agricultural land ownership, house type, and location of the respondent’s household. For sex, dummy codes were used such that female

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Benjamin Sultan, Bruno Barbier, Jeanne Fortilus, Serigne Modou Mbaye, and Grégoire Leclerc

predictability of seasonal climate fluctuations has been achieved for many parts of the world ( Hansen 2002 ) by using comprehensive coupled models of the atmosphere, oceans, and land surface ( Palmer et al. 2004 ) or regional statistical schemes ( Ward 1998 ; Fontaine et al. 1999 ; Ogallo et al. 2000 ; Ward et al. 2004 ). In addition, the general circulation models are now able to produce plausible long-run climate change scenarios in response to various evolutions of greenhouse gas concentrations

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Richard Bernknopf, David Brookshire, Yusuke Kuwayama, Molly Macauley, Matthew Rodell, Alexandra Thompson, Peter Vail, and Benjamin Zaitchik

releases, NASA scientists developed GRACE-DA ( Zaitchik et al. 2008 ). GRACE-DA uses ensemble Kalman smoother-type data assimilation to integrate GRACE data with ground- and space-based meteorological inputs (precipitation, solar radiation, etc.) within a Catchment land surface model ( Koster et al. 2000 ). The GRACE-DA system produces estimates of soil moisture and groundwater storage variations that are used to generate probabilistic drought indicators. These indicators are defined relative to the

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Siri Veland

Papua New Guinea administrators were on a tight time schedule to set up the systems of the new government. In this same time frame, the Panguna mine lease was also being negotiated between land holders and Rio Tinto. Rio Tinto negotiators used maps to determine the extent of copper ore around the township of Bougainville, and to make agreements with town representatives over royalties, lease costs, and the lease term ( Howitt 2001 ). The lease appeared progressive for its time, being among the first

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Ernest Agee and Lindsey Taylor

a much simpler form (because the land area of each state cancels out): or As noted earlier, an increasing DPI value implies that the tornado death rate is increasing at a faster rate than the population growth (and a decreasing DPI implies that, even with a population growth rate, the tornado death rate is not as fast, or is even decreasing). The DPI values were calculated using Eq. (2) for each of the 21 states in the region of interest and are presented in the results discussed in the next

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Alicia Azpeleta Tarancón, Yeon-Su Kim, Thora Padilla, Peter Z. Fulé, and Andrew J. Sánchez Meador

section, the participants were asked to provide, in an open-ended question, their perspectives toward the expected changes in MATL ecosystem services under climate change. To represent the impacts of climate change to ecosystem services in MATL, we provided a figure that represented potential changes in land cover from 2014 to 2094 ( Fig. 3 ). We used the most recent forest inventory data to characterize the land cover in 2014 and simulated a mild climate change scenario (RCP4.5) in the future (2034

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