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Aglaé Jézéquel, Vivian Dépoues, Hélène Guillemot, Amélie Rajaud, Mélodie Trolliet, Mathieu Vrac, Jean-Paul Vanderlinden, and Pascal Yiou

what the interviewees said about it, and, if relevant, the conclusions of the EUCLEIA reports. We conclude each subsection with a discussion on the value of EEA for the identified use. 4. Using scientifically grounded attribution statements per se a. Using EEA to answer curiosity Hulme (2014) advances the motivation of scientific curiosity, as attribution of individual events “piques the scientific mind” (p. 3). It pushes the boundaries of climate models by asking them different questions, and

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Kelsey J. Mulder, Matthew Lickiss, Natalie Harvey, Alison Black, Andrew Charlton-Perez, Helen Dacre, and Rachel McCloy

approximately 45 min to complete the survey. After they had completed the survey, there were a series of presentations from operations specialists and researchers discussing current challenges and recent advances in volcanic ash forecasting and observations. At the end of the day, there was an open group discussion about forecasting and communicating uncertainty of volcanic ash in aviation. The survey consisted of four sections: low-, medium-, and high-risk flight decisions across three different graphic

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Brooke Fisher Liu, Anita Atwell Seate, Irina Iles, and Emina Herovic

forecaster> We put an SPS out to cover it for now. Our thinking is that the fog should lighten up as the boundary lifts north over the next few hours. <broadcast meteorologist> Ok thank you [forecaster name removed]! 4) Respect as a foundation At the core of the relationship between Nash Severe Weather and the Weather Service is deep respect. As one of the founders of Nash Severe Weather observed: “It’s important that everybody be accountable. We aren’t accountable to the [TV] station manager, but we

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Joy E. Losee, Karen Z. Naufel, Lawrence Locker Jr., and Gregory D. Webster

larger likelihood estimates about landfall likelihood. Wu et al. (2014) acknowledged that participants made judgments based on a single piece of location information, whereas in a real-world setting, people would hear multiple predictions about a hurricane’s likelihood to make landfall. Little research beyond that of studies by Wu and et al. (2015b) and Meyer et al. (2013) has examined how current weather warning formats—multiple or changing predictions—affect threat perception. To our knowledge

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Hannah Torres and Kamal Alsharif

shown that narratives of resilience can be empowering, and a community that self-identifies as resilient and self-reliant is more likely to respond proactively to disturbances than one that self-identifies as vulnerable ( Farbotko and Lazrus 2012 ). However, this begs the question of whether such a response is due to the framing of the problem or due to a certain set of resilient practices or characteristics. Some scholars, like Benson and Craig (2014 , p. 780), fear that at its current stage of

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Daniel Nohrstedt

address the problems they are set to solve ( Berardo 2014 ). The aim of the current study is to examine what relationships emerge among actors who participate in multiple collaborative forums responding to natural hazards. In examining these relationships the article answers the following research questions: What is the overall structure of interactions across collaborative forums and how do these interactions support different forum goals? Data for the study were retrieved from 50 collaborative

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Matthew D. Biddle, Ryan P. Brown, Charles A. Doswell III, and David R. Legates

1998 ). The goals of the current study are 1) to establish whether a regional difference in risk associated with tornadoes exists and 2) if a regional difference does exist, to examine whether simple meteorological explanations for any such risk might be sufficient to account for it. To improve the reliability of the conclusions, analyses will focus on tornadoes occurring between 1950 and 2018 in the five southern and five northern states on which Sims and Baumann focused their analyses, as well as

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Carolina E. Roman, Amanda H. Lynch, and Dale Dominey-Howes

; allow the council to better facilitate relations with state authorities to mobilize resources; and make the sector more resilient in the face of shocks ranging from fire to drought to increased fuel costs, all potential manifestations of climate change. It is clear from the competing formula espoused by actors in the Alpine Shire tourism sector that a problem can be defined by the mismatch between desired outcomes and current policies. Based on our identification of an approximation to the

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Joseph T. Ripberger, Makenzie J. Krocak, Wesley W. Wehde, Jinan N. Allan, Carol Silva, and Hank Jenkins-Smith

1. Introduction The mission of the National Weather Service (NWS) is to provide weather, water, and climate data, forecasts, and warnings for the protection of life and property and the enhancement of the national economy. Currently, the NWS uses forecast and warning verification statistics (such as probability of detection, false alarm ratio, and warning lead time) to measure the extent to which they are achieving this mission. This strategy presumes that increasing the accuracy and timeliness

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Julie A. Silva and Corene J. Matyas

measuring the effects of staple crop dependency on agricultural incomes in a period characterized by highly variable and extreme weather, this study also has implications regarding Mozambique’s current poverty reduction strategy. 2. Characteristics of the study region There are marked differences between the northern, central, and southern regions of Mozambique with regard to poverty and development stemming from both the Portuguese colonial legacy and postindependence government policies ( Isaacman

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