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I. Gómez, S. Molina, J. Olcina, and J. J. Galiana-Merino

on the simulation of extreme heat events . Remote Sens. , 8 , 589 , . 10.3390/rs8070589 Gómez , I. , V. Caselles , M. J. Estrela , and J. J. Miró , 2018 : Comparative assessment of RAMS and WRF short-term forecasts over eastern Iberian Peninsula using various in-situ observations, remote sensing products and uncoupled land surface model datasets . Atmos. Res. , 213 , 476 – 491 , . 10.1016/j

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David L. Feldman and Helen M. Ingram

long-standing relationship among public-supported land grant colleges, local irrigation district managers, and county extension agents who, among other things, transform highly technical knowledge about, say, drought, other weather conditions, and the needs of crops and livestock into information useful to farmers, ranchers, local governments, and homemakers ( Cash 2001 ). Using this example as an archetype, effective knowledge networks facilitate good communication between those who generate

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Lindsay Matthews, Jean Andrey, and Ian Picketts

delay road maintenance work because of health and safety concerns ( Venner and Zamurs 2012 ). Adaptations such as different pavement binders can be used to improve the resiliency and reduce maintenance costs for road surface infrastructure. A recent study by Fletcher et al. (2016) found that for pavement to withstand projected temperature increases into the 2050s, more heat-resistant pavement binders will need to be used across much of Canada. Drought conditions also affect transportation, both

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Jamie Hannaford, Kevin Collins, Sophie Haines, and Lucy J. Barker

, 2013 : Identifying the conditions for social learning in water governance in regional Australia . Land Use Policy , 31 , 412 – 421 , . 10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.08.003 Water Act , 2014 : Chapter 21, Water Act 2014. London, The Stationery Office, accessed 25 July 2018, . Water Industry Act , 1991 : Chapter 56, Water Industry Act 1991. London, The Stationery Office, accessed 24 July

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Leon S. Robertson

, without intervention, it will collapse ( Barlas 2009 ). Climate scientists have studied the role of such amplifying feedback on global warming in analyses of water vapor ( Dessler 2013 ), the albedo effect ( Ingram et al. 1989 ), and melting tundra ( Schuur et al. 2009 ). Warming increases evaporation and thus more water vapor in the atmosphere that further retains heat in a feedback cycle. The albedo effect occurs when warmth melts surface snow and ice that reflects heat. The resulting darker land

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Paola A. Arias, Juan Camilo Villegas, Jenny Machado, Angélica M. Serna, Lina M. Vidal, Catherine Vieira, Carlos A. Cadavid, Sara C. Vieira, Jorge E. Ángel, and Óscar A. Mejía

1. Introduction The complex interactions between global- and local-scale environmental changes (mainly related to land use and human activities) are tightly related to the potential occurrence of natural disasters affecting ecosystems, communities, and their interactions. Current and expected environmental changes lead to a higher level of uncertainty in the occurrence of potentially catastrophic events, posing a challenge to current disaster management strategies. On top of climate and

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Lisa Reyes Mason

an estimated population of 1735, with families of all income levels. The neighborhood is adjacent to a Baguio City watershed, and 20% of its land is forested. Hillside also has two protected springs that are used by almost all of the residents year-round, to varying degrees. Spring water is publicly available at no cost, with Hillside residents contributing (optionally) to a spring water association for a maintenance fund. In 2010, these funds were used to build a flood wall, further protecting

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Marianne Cohen, Josyane Ronchail, María Alonso-Roldán, Céline Morcel, Stéphane Angles, Eduardo Araque-Jimenez, and David Labat

Changes and their Impacts (ENSEMBLES) project ( ). Fig . 2. Land use in the study area. [Sources are MAGRAMA (2006) , CHG (2010) , the ENSEMBLES project, and ]. Jointly with economic factors ( section 1a ) and other technical improvement in groves management (e.g., harvesting techniques), these changes allowed a dramatic increase in olive yields ( section 3b ) and generated prosperity in the olive sector during the period 1986–2005 with a positive

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Morgan E. Gorris, James E. Neumann, Patrick L. Kinney, Megan Sheahan, and Marcus C. Sarofim

estimate the future number of people living within the projected endemic regions for valley fever and to calculate future projections of disease case counts, we used human population projections from the Integrated Climate and Land Use Scenarios, version 2 (ICLUSv2), model developed by the EPA ( Bierwagen et al. 2010 ; EPA 2017b ). The ICLUSv2 population estimates follow the shared socioeconomic pathways 2 scenario in which there is moderate population growth in the United States throughout the twenty

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Rebecca Bendick, Kyla M. Dahlin, Brian V. Smoliak, Lori Kumler, Sierra J. Jones, Athena Aktipis, Ezekiel Fugate, Rachel Hertog, Claus Moberg, and Dane Scott

conservation tillage and forest management, are cautiously recommended. However, because of fundamentally insufficient information about the long-term effectiveness of these methods and about their impacts on human and nonhuman living systems, we recommended that additional resources be invested in research related to land use management prior to wholesale investment in implementation. Finally, biofuels, hydrogen fuel cells, and strategies related to carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) are not

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