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Adrienne Marshall, Van Butsic, and John Harte

snowmelt ( Stewart et al. 2004 ). CT is commonly used in studies of climate change impacts on snowmelt-dominated systems and provides a time-integrated perspective of flow pulses and the distribution of flow throughout the year ( He et al. 2013 ). To assess visitor responses to temperature, the TopoWx dataset was used. TopoWx is a gridded, 800-m temperature product that incorporates remotely sensed land skin temperature and climate station data and is designed for use in spatially explicit hydrological

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Ryan P. Crompton, K. John McAneney, Keping Chen, Roger A. Pielke Jr., and Katharine Haynes

risk at Melbourne’s urban fringe, Buxton et al. (2011) argue that vulnerability has increased because of the failure of land use planning regulations. We agree with this assessment. An analysis of each of the major bushfires over the past five decades (including the 1967 Hobart fires, the 1983 Ash Wednesday fires, the 1994 Sydney fires, and the 2009 Black Saturday fires) shows that Australia has a history of development in high risk areas. About 80%–90% of destroyed buildings in major bushfires

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I. Gómez, S. Molina, J. Olcina, and J. J. Galiana-Merino

on the simulation of extreme heat events . Remote Sens. , 8 , 589 , https://doi.org/10.3390/rs8070589 . 10.3390/rs8070589 Gómez , I. , V. Caselles , M. J. Estrela , and J. J. Miró , 2018 : Comparative assessment of RAMS and WRF short-term forecasts over eastern Iberian Peninsula using various in-situ observations, remote sensing products and uncoupled land surface model datasets . Atmos. Res. , 213 , 476 – 491 , https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2018.06.022 . 10.1016/j

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David L. Feldman and Helen M. Ingram

long-standing relationship among public-supported land grant colleges, local irrigation district managers, and county extension agents who, among other things, transform highly technical knowledge about, say, drought, other weather conditions, and the needs of crops and livestock into information useful to farmers, ranchers, local governments, and homemakers ( Cash 2001 ). Using this example as an archetype, effective knowledge networks facilitate good communication between those who generate

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Lindsay Matthews, Jean Andrey, and Ian Picketts

delay road maintenance work because of health and safety concerns ( Venner and Zamurs 2012 ). Adaptations such as different pavement binders can be used to improve the resiliency and reduce maintenance costs for road surface infrastructure. A recent study by Fletcher et al. (2016) found that for pavement to withstand projected temperature increases into the 2050s, more heat-resistant pavement binders will need to be used across much of Canada. Drought conditions also affect transportation, both

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Jamie Hannaford, Kevin Collins, Sophie Haines, and Lucy J. Barker

, 2013 : Identifying the conditions for social learning in water governance in regional Australia . Land Use Policy , 31 , 412 – 421 , https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.08.003 . 10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.08.003 Water Act , 2014 : Chapter 21, Water Act 2014. London, The Stationery Office, accessed 25 July 2018, http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2014/21/contents/enacted . Water Industry Act , 1991 : Chapter 56, Water Industry Act 1991. London, The Stationery Office, accessed 24 July

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Leon S. Robertson

, without intervention, it will collapse ( Barlas 2009 ). Climate scientists have studied the role of such amplifying feedback on global warming in analyses of water vapor ( Dessler 2013 ), the albedo effect ( Ingram et al. 1989 ), and melting tundra ( Schuur et al. 2009 ). Warming increases evaporation and thus more water vapor in the atmosphere that further retains heat in a feedback cycle. The albedo effect occurs when warmth melts surface snow and ice that reflects heat. The resulting darker land

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Paola A. Arias, Juan Camilo Villegas, Jenny Machado, Angélica M. Serna, Lina M. Vidal, Catherine Vieira, Carlos A. Cadavid, Sara C. Vieira, Jorge E. Ángel, and Óscar A. Mejía

1. Introduction The complex interactions between global- and local-scale environmental changes (mainly related to land use and human activities) are tightly related to the potential occurrence of natural disasters affecting ecosystems, communities, and their interactions. Current and expected environmental changes lead to a higher level of uncertainty in the occurrence of potentially catastrophic events, posing a challenge to current disaster management strategies. On top of climate and

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Lisa Reyes Mason

an estimated population of 1735, with families of all income levels. The neighborhood is adjacent to a Baguio City watershed, and 20% of its land is forested. Hillside also has two protected springs that are used by almost all of the residents year-round, to varying degrees. Spring water is publicly available at no cost, with Hillside residents contributing (optionally) to a spring water association for a maintenance fund. In 2010, these funds were used to build a flood wall, further protecting

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Marianne Cohen, Josyane Ronchail, María Alonso-Roldán, Céline Morcel, Stéphane Angles, Eduardo Araque-Jimenez, and David Labat

Changes and their Impacts (ENSEMBLES) project ( http://ensemblesrt3.dmi.dk ). Fig . 2. Land use in the study area. [Sources are MAGRAMA (2006) , CHG (2010) , the ENSEMBLES project, and www.juntadeandalucia.es ]. Jointly with economic factors ( section 1a ) and other technical improvement in groves management (e.g., harvesting techniques), these changes allowed a dramatic increase in olive yields ( section 3b ) and generated prosperity in the olive sector during the period 1986–2005 with a positive

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