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Massimiliano Ignaccolo and Carlo De Michele

) used to make the plot is 0.1: only bins with at least 10 observations in it were considered. Finally, we show in Fig. 3 how the Eq. (2) is not dependent on the particular type of rain considered. The distinction between stratiform and convective, made according to the presence or absence of bright band, regards the Darwin dataset (DRW) as in Williams (2009) . Similarly, the distinction between stratiform and orographic made according to the presence or absence of bright band regards the

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Jessica C. A. Baker, Dayana Castilho de Souza, Paulo Y. Kubota, Wolfgang Buermann, Caio A. S. Coelho, Martin B. Andrews, Manuel Gloor, Luis Garcia-Carreras, Silvio N. Figueroa, and Dominick V. Spracklen

Intercomparison Project (CMIP) phase 5 (CMIP5) models analyzed, and 10 out of 26 CMIP6 models, simulated a water-limited evaporative regime over the Amazon, rather than a radiation-limited regime as indicated by observations (Baker et al. 2020, manuscript submitted to Environ. Res. Lett .). The authors showed that the direction of interactions influenced whether future changes in climate were likely to be amplified or moderated. These examples illustrate the importance of evaluating model representation of

Open access
Nevenka Bulovic, Neil McIntyre, and Fiona Johnson

precipitation estimates from a larger number of satellites. A simplified overview of the IMERG-Final V05B algorithm is provided below, while readers are referred to Huffman et al. (2018) for a detailed description. Note that many of these steps are also applicable to both near-real-time runs. IMERG estimates are produced at the targeted analysis time by first combining all observations from a constellation of passive microwave (PMW) sensors, the technology of choice for satellite precipitation monitoring

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O. Merlin, A. Chehbouni, G. Boulet, and Y. Kerr

-independent (at least two independent) microwave observations. The requirement of multi-independent/multiangular observations is notably met by the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) ( Kerr et al. 2001 ) mission, which is based on a radiometer at L band with significant angular viewing configurations. In this paper, SMOS-type data are disaggregated with the method of Merlin et al. (2005) and assimilated into a distributed (with a typical resolution of 1 km) soil–vegetation–atmosphere transfer (SVAT

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Matthew D. Cann and Allen B. White

therefore limited in their geographic variability at the small scale ( White et al. 2003 , 2015 ; Neiman et al. 2005 ; Kingsmill et al. 2006 , 2016 ; Martner et al. 2008 ). This study extends the latitudinal and altitudinal ranges of NBB rain observations in the Northern Coast Ranges by introducing new valley and mountain sites. Additionally, past work has shown that upslope wind speed and integrated water vapor (IWV) are correlated to rain rates at a mountain site in the Northern Coast Ranges

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Seokhyeon Kim, Alfonso Anabalón, and Ashish Sharma

, carbon and energy cycles ( Jung et al. 2010 ). Being such an essential variable, its global characterization is critical to fully understand and model the main processes behind climate and life cycles on our planet. Despite global efforts to directly measure ET such as the FLUXNET project ( Baldocchi et al. 2001 ), few long time series of ground observations exist. Additionally, while remote sensing has made major strides in recent years, satellites are still incapable of quantifying ET amounts ( K

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Kian Abbasnezhadi, Alain N. Rousseau, Étienne Foulon, and Stéphane Savary

Microwave Scanning Radiometer-EOS snow water equivalent and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer snow cover fraction observations in northern Colorado . Water Resour. Res. , 48 , W01522 , . 10.1029/2011WR010588 Dong , X. , C. M. Dohmen-Janssen , and M. J. Booij , 2005 : Appropriate spatial sampling of rainfall or flow simulation . Hydrol. Sci. J. , 50 , 279 – 298 , . 10.1623/hysj.50

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Qian Cao, Alexander Gershunov, Tamara Shulgina, F. Martin Ralph, Ning Sun, and Dennis P. Lettenmaier

catchments with subdaily streamflow and precipitation observations. They found that although flood-producing precipitation was the dominant driver of flood magnitudes, the elasticity of flow to antecedent precipitation was about one-third of the elasticity to flood-producing precipitation; however, the influence of antecedent precipitation weakened as event magnitudes increased. Furthermore, Wasko and Sharma (2017) examined the sensitivity of extreme daily precipitation and discharge to changes in

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Jefferson S. Wong, Xuebin Zhang, Shervan Gharari, Rajesh R. Shrestha, Howard S. Wheater, and James S. Famiglietti

especially true in regions where in situ observations are sparse and are subject to numerous measurement errors. However, the existence of multiple products for each water budget component imposes a challenge for potential users, having to choose from a myriad of datasets for application over the areas of interest. This study aims to address this issue by evaluating the water balance performance of combinations of different products from various data sources and quantifying the error attribution from

Open access
William Rudisill, Alejandro Flores, and James McNamara

Waliser 2015 ) computed using CFSR ( Saha et al. 2010 ). Neiman et al. (2008) independently identified the same event from remotely sensed integrated water vapor (IWV) retrievals. The AR had greater than 3 cm of IWV during both the afternoon and evening pass of the Special Sensor Microwave Imager Sounder (SSM/I) satellite. The storm was able to track inland and precipitate in the northern Rockies in central Idaho. The National Weather Service (NWS) radiosonde located at the Boise Airport (located in

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