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Ana Raquel Nunes

Adger 2017 , p. 43). Disciplinary boundaries have resulted in different conceptualizations of resilience with few attempts to provide interdisciplinary insights on how human resilience is shaped ( Smith et al. 2014 ) that correspond to a great opportunity for improving current knowledge, which this research embraces. As a result, several authors have made the case for assessing general and specified resilience ( Waters and Adger 2017 ; Berkes and Ross 2013 ; Folke et al. 2010 ). The approach taken

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Y. G. Tao, F. Zhang, W. J. Liu, and C. Y. Shi

’ perceptions of climate or weather ( Fitchett and Hoogendoorn 2018 ). Sentiment analysis of online reviews may provide new data and methods for researching tourists’ perceptions of climate and weather. China has diverse climates and weather that range from frigid to tropical ( Zhang 1991 ). Most areas are currently negatively affected by climate change. In 2018, the number of domestic tourists in China was 5.539 billion, and the number of outbound tourists was 150 million, ranking first in the world

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Johnathan W. Sugg

boundaries ( Hagenauer and Helbich 2013 ). These factors must be weighed in the interpretation since both the SOM and the cluster algorithms ultimately force an observation to join a particular node and cluster, and any changes to parameters will likely result in different versions of a similar pattern ( Budayan et al. 2009 ). c. Significance and implications for future research During the decade of study (2008–18), the rhetoric around climate change arguably shifted to the extremes ( Hulme 2019 ). As

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Caroline Mwongera, Joseph Boyard-Micheau, Christian Baron, and Christian Leclerc

1. Introduction Crop genetic diversity is a key factor for long-term viability and adaptation to changing environmental conditions ( Hammer and Teklu 2008 ). It prevents crop failure ( Altieri 1994 ; Vandermeer 1989 ), contributes to more resilient systems, and limits susceptibility to pests and diseases ( Tonhasca and Byrne 1994 ). A wide gene pool is essential for world food security and, as a source of materials for breeding new plant varieties, to mitigate current and future production

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Jeannette Sutton, Sarah C. Vos, Michele M. Wood, and Monique Turner

hazard including a description of physical characteristics of the threat, as well as its potential impact and effects ( Covello 1998 ; Drabek 1999 ; Mileti and Peek 2000 ). Warning messages should also provide guidance , which includes information about the actions people need to take to increase their safety ( Lindell and Perry, 1992 ; Mileti and Sorensen 1990 ). Public warning messages must also identify the location of the threat, including the geographical and physical boundaries ( Greene et

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Coleen Vogel, Ingrid Koch, and Koos Van Zyl

added). Given the apparent urgency of climate risks in southern Africa, coupled to a suite of growing stresses, it may indeed be useful to carefully reexamine past and current institutional dimensions underpinning climate risk reduction, but then also, and this is more critical, to begin to urgently find ways to effectively live with drought: Meanwhile conditions have been steadily getting worse and to-day the Commission sees the results of inaction on every hand. Frequently, on asking for

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Hannah R. Torres, Kamal A. Alsharif, and Graham A. Tobin

occur at much smaller spatial and temporal scales. However, impacts to climate-related extremes, like hurricanes, can “reveal significant vulnerability and exposure of some ecosystems and many human systems to current climate variability” ( IPCC 2014a , p. 7). Our research draws from the theoretical works of Adger et al. (2009) and Abramson et al. (2015) , using focus groups to assess qualitatively the following questions: 1) How can climate adaptation and disaster resilience be constrained by

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Yu-Wen Su

temperature in Taiwan increased by 0.1°C every 10 years from 1880 to 2018, and this number boosted to 0.24°C from 1990 to 2018, based on the Central Weather Bureau (CWB). The temperatures are forecast to increase worldwide in the future. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change ( IPCC 2018 ), human activities are estimated to have caused 1°C of global warming above preindustrial levels. If global warming continues to increase at the current rate, it will reach 1.5°C in 2030 at the

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Nathan Beech and Micah J. Hewer

Northern Hemisphere and the 30th and 45th parallels in the Southern Hemisphere ( van Leeuwen and Darriet 2016 ), with average growing season (GS) temperatures typically falling between 12° and 22°C ( Jones and Schultz 2016 ). Nevertheless, exceptions to these ranges can be found with both cooler and warmer conditions, and anthropogenic climate change has already pushed the latitudinal boundaries poleward ( Jones and Schultz 2016 ). Temperature extremes such as freeze damage during the dormant and

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Emily D. Esplin, Jennifer R. Marlon, Anthony Leiserowitz, and Peter D. Howe

protective behaviors during extreme heat. Results could inform heat risk communication and prevention efforts to build resilience in vulnerable areas as more heat events occur. 2. Background Current research indicates that heat waves in the United States are occurring more often, becoming more intense, and lasting longer ( Akompab et al. 2013 ; Vose et al. 2017 ; Sampson et al. 2013 ; White-Newsome et al. 2011 ). The United States may be particularly vulnerable to this trend because population growth

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