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Alan W. Black, Gabriele Villarini, and Thomas L. Mote

, ( Bergel-Hayat et al. 2013 ), temperature ( Bergel-Hayat et al. 2013 ; Brijs et al. 2008 ), wind speed and direction ( Brijs et al. 2008 ; Levine et al. 1995 ), and visibility-reducing hazards such as fog, smoke, and dust ( Ashley et al. 2015 ; Abdel-Aty et al. 2011 ) have been examined, most research has focused on crashes during rain and snow. Both frozen precipitation, such as snow, sleet, and freezing rain ( Black and Mote 2015a , b ; Andrey et al. 2013 ; Mills et al. 2011 ; Andrey 2010

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Lesley Duxbury

stops to consider what it is they are experiencing. In many of his works, he engages with the basic elements of the weather such as water, light, and temperature and appropriates elements from nature such as steam and fog. He views the weather as one of the few fundamental encounters with nature that can still be experienced in the city. His aim is to encourage his viewers to reflect upon their understanding and perception of the physical world around them through works that capture fleeting aspects

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Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok, Zahra Mohtasham-Amiri, Naeima Khodadadi-Hasankiadeh, Ali Davoudi-Kiakalayeh, Leila Kouchakinezhad-Eramsadati, and Anita Reihanian

1. Introduction Road accidents are among the most significant causes of mortality and severe physical and financial damage. Studies have shown that driving accidents are estimated to be the ninth-leading cause of death in the world, and they are expected to climb to third place by 2020 ( WHO 2016 ). Changes and phenomena such as snow, blizzards, fog, avalanches, frost, and slippery surfaces play a significant role in road accidents. In recent years, investigating weather changes and their

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Scott Greene, Laurence S. Kalkstein, David M. Mills, and Jason Samenow

the hotter parts of the country. This air mass is also typically associated with low cloud cover humidity, which can lead to rapid dehydration. Moist moderate (MM): A cloudy, mild air mass that may sometimes be associated with fog and light rain. Moist polar (MP): While more typically a winter or shoulder season, rather than a summer, air mass, this situation is often associated with storms moving up the East Coast. Moist tropical (MT): Very warm and humid air mass, sometimes associated with

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Brooke Fisher Liu, Anita Atwell Seate, Irina Iles, and Emina Herovic

relationship going. Government scientists involve Nash Severe Weather in their community events as well, such as during Severe Weather Awareness Day. Building the weather enterprise family facilitates productive information flow during severe weather, as can be seen in the following interaction on NWS Chat: <Nash Severe Weather> Pretty dense out there. Someone thinks it’s a proper setting for a Steven King novel.” <broadcast meteorologist> Are you thinking of issuing a dense fog advisory? <government

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Zeke Baker

. Hoelting , 2015 : Resilience strategies in the face of short- and long-term change: Out-migration and fisheries regulation in Alaskan fishing communities . Ecol. Soc. , 20 , 9 , https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-07074-200209 . 10.5751/ES-07074-200209 Hobday , A. J. , C. M. Spillman , J. Paige Eveson , and J. R. Hartog , 2016 : Seasonal forecasting for decision support in marine fisheries and aquaculture . Fish. Oceanogr. , 25 , 45 – 56 , https://doi.org/10.1111/fog.12083 . 10.1111/fog

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Kendal McGuffie and Ann Henderson-Sellers

absence of definitive quantitative data, within six months of arrival, Arthur Phillip wrote in his journal in 1788: The climate at Sydney Cove is considered, on the whole, as equal to the finest in Europe. The rains are not ever of long duration, and there are seldom any fogs: the soil, though in general light, and rather sandy in this part, is full as good as usually is found so near the sea-coast. All the plants and fruit trees brought from Brasil and the Cape, which were not damaged in the passage

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Johnathan P. Kirk and Gordon A. Cromley

formation. For example, prior to Operation Castor, the initial French assault to capture Dien Bien Phu in November 1953, French commanders and weather personnel flew a reconnaissance mission to determine if conditions were favorable for the airborne operation. Fog blanketed the drop zone on the morning of the first drops, but the clouds soon cleared, thereby enabling the largest troop transport operation of the entire conflict ( Fall 1966 ). In general, such major operations would likely be planned to

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Katherine Foxhall

“pulseless calm of death” in James Espie White’s poem, and Widdowson’s fears of fire and fever, although based in their very real experience, also echo Coleridge’s evocations of the rotting deep and the slimy sea ( Quiller-Couch 1943 , p. 649) and the awful images in Percy Bysshe Shelley’s “Vision of the Sea” (c. 1820): Where the death-darting sun cast no shadow at noon, And there seemed to be fire in the beams of the moon, Till a lead-coloured fog gathered up from the deep, Whose breath was quick

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Michelle Rutty and Jean Andrey

deterred, rain and freezing rain were the greatest deterrents for both skiers/snowboarders (89% and 93%) and snowmobilers (96% and 81%). The majority of skiers/snowboarders (56%) would also be deterred by high wind chill and a majority of snowmobilers (61%) would be deterred by warm temperatures. Few respondents in both sample groups would be deterred by sun/cloud conditions (<2%) or by other forecast variables including lack of snow, high winds, and fog (<4%). Fig . 9. Weather forecast variables that

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