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Blandine Bianchi, Peter Jan van Leeuwen, Robin J. Hogan, and Alexis Berne

cellular communication networks. Water Resour. Res., 43, W03201 , doi:10.1029/2006WR005631 . McLaughlin, D. , 2002 : An integrated approach to hydrologic data assimilation: Interpolation, smoothing, and filtering . Adv. Water Resour. , 25 , 1275 – 1286 , doi:10.1016/S0309-1708(02)00055-6 . Meischner, P. F. , Bringi V. N. , Heimann D. , and Holler H. , 1991 : A squall line in southern Germany: Kinematics and precipitation formation as deduced by advanced polarimetric and Doppler radar

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Zhe Zhang, Youcun Qi, Donghuan Li, Ziwei Zhu, Meilin Yang, Nan Wang, Yin Yang, and Qiyuan Hu

.1109/34.295913 . 10.1109/34.295913 Biggerstaff , M. I. , and R. A. Houze Jr ., 1993 : Kinematics and microphysics of the transition zone of the 10–11 June 1985 squall line . J. Atmos. Sci. , 50 , 3091 – 3110 ,<3091:KAMOTT>2.0.CO;2 . 10.1175/1520-0469(1993)050<3091:KAMOTT>2.0.CO;2 Biggerstaff , M. I. , and S. A. Listemaa , 2000 : An improved scheme for convective/stratiform echo classification using radar reflectivity . J. Appl. Meteor. , 39 , 2129

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Guotao Cui, Roger Bales, Robert Rice, Michael Anderson, Francesco Avanzi, Peter Hartsough, and Martha Conklin

– 18 436 , . 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2895397 Marks , D. , A. Winstral , M. Reba , J. Pomeroy , and M. Kumar , 2013 : An evaluation of methods for determining during-storm precipitation phase and the rain/snow transition elevation at the surface in a mountain basin . Adv. Water Resour. , 55 , 98 – 110 , . 10.1016/j.advwatres.2012.11.012 Marwitz , J. D. , 1983 : The kinematics of orographic

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Maxime Turko, Marielle Gosset, Modeste Kacou, Christophe Bouvier, Nanee Chahinian, Aaron Boone, and Matias Alcoba

propagated through the connected grid cells downstream using a “lag and route” formula. The velocity of propagation over a given grid cell is parameterized by the slope at this grid point and by the drainage area upstream that grid. This is a simplified version compared to Bouvier et al. (2018) who also considered hydraulic propagation (kinematic wave) in some parts of the network. Another simplification is that the SCS parameters are uniform for the whole area (the interception parameter S is equal

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Hao Huang, Kun Zhao, Haonan Chen, Dongming Hu, Peiling Fu, Qing Lin, and Zhengwei Yang

-band polarimetric radar utilizing specific attenuation and specific differential phase. Part I: Algorithm description . J. Hydrometeor. , 20 , 985 – 997 , . 10.1175/JHM-D-18-0071.1 Wu , D. , and Coauthors , 2018 : Kinematics and microphysics of convection in the outer rainband of Typhoon Nida (2016) revealed by polarimetric radar . Mon. Wea. Rev. , 146 , 2147 – 2159 , . 10.1175/MWR-D-17-0320.1 Zhang , J. , and

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Natalie Teale and David A. Robinson

comprehensive climatology of moisture transport for the Northeast, the eastern United States, and adjacent Atlantic at large. This kinematics of water vapor transport will provide the atmospheric foundation for understanding the causes behind observed and projected changes in precipitation in the Northeast. This is the first paper in a series of three characterizing the relationship between moisture transport patterns and precipitation in the eastern United States. This first paper develops the moisture

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Viviana Maggioni, Humberto J. Vergara, Emmanouil N. Anagnostou, Jonathan J. Gourley, Yang Hong, and Dimitrios Stampoulis

Model (SAC-SMA; Burnash et al. 1973 ) for runoff generation and a kinematic wave model for flow routing. For the latter, a rating curve method is available ( Koren et al. 2004 ), which was selected for this study. SAC-SMA has 17 conceptual parameters while the routing model consists of 2 parameters. Initial spatially distributed estimates for 11 of the SAC-SMA parameters were available from the work of Koren et al. (2000) . The remaining 6 parameters were implemented as lumped values established

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Dimitrios Stampoulis, Emmanouil N. Anagnostou, and Efthymios I. Nikolopoulos

– 1051 . Stampoulis, D. , and Anagnostou E. N. , 2012 : Evaluation of global satellite rainfall products over continental Europe . J. Hydrometeor. , 13 , 588 – 603 . Steiner, M. , and Smith J. A. , 1998 : Convective versus stratiform rainfall: An ice-microphysical and kinematic conceptual model . Atmos. Res. , 47–48 , 317 – 326 . Tang, L. , and Hossain F. , 2012 : Investigating the similarity of satellite rainfall error metrics as a function of Koppen climate classification

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Rui Sun, Xueqin Zhang, Yang Sun, Du Zheng, and Klaus Fraedrich

estimated by the Penman–Monteith method based on the observed daily temperature, relative humidity, solar radiation, and wind speed. The method developed by Ritchie (1972) was used to calculate actual ET. Surface runoff was estimated by the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) curve number (CN) method based on the daily precipitation. A kinematic storage model was utilized to predict lateral flow, whereas the return flow was simulated by creating a shallow aquifer. The variable storage model method was

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Arianna Cauteruccio, Enrico Chinchella, Mattia Stagnaro, and Luca G. Lanza

the gauge were stretched upward to better resolve upward air motion due to buoyancy. Thin layers were added on the gauge surface so as to better reproduce the near wall velocity profile. For fluid dynamic simulations, the fluid air was modeled as a Newtonian incompressible fluid with kinematic viscosity υ a = 1.2 × 10 −5 m 2 s −1 and density ρ a = 1.3 kg m −3 at a reference environmental temperature T a = 0°C that acts as the threshold between solid and liquid precipitation. At the inlet

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