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  • Ways of Knowing: Traditional Knowledge as Key Insight for Addressing Environmental Change x
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L. Jen Shaffer and Leocadia Naiene

. 2002 ). In KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, a combination of climate change and current land use threatens dune, sand, swamp, riverine, and lowland forests with significant area reduction and extinction ( Eeley et al. 1999 ). These same forest types are found just north of KwaZulu-Natal in Matutúine District. Adding a more focused gender-livelihood component to this work would provide additional insight into specific gendered vulnerabilities and risks faced by Matutúine District’s residents. Although

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Sarah E. Vaughn

in 2005 and warned of more if not worse flooding due to climate change. She grew accustomed to these warnings, with Red Cross staff holding training workshops about water safety and plastering signs throughout Sophia that read “Evacuation Route.” “I use it [the vat] only if the sky isn’t too gray or the rain too heavy,” she noted as she poured soda into our glasses. If the sky was gray and the rain heavy, she disinfected water with bleach and filtered it with a rag. Intuition is both a necessity

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Karen Pennesi

in agricultural and/or livestock production, using less than 10 ha of land, and without the benefit of irrigation. All rain prophets and forecasters who participated were men because the FUNCEME personnel involved in climate forecasting were all men and the only female rain prophet in Quixadá was unavailable during the study period. Six women participated in the farmer focus groups. Focus group participants ranged in age from mid-40s to more than 70 yr. FUNCEME forecasters were younger than 50 yr

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Randy A. Peppler

traditionalists (both tribal elders and younger people who seek to perpetuate traditional ways) with whom I interacted during fieldwork in 2009–11 in southwestern Oklahoma ( Peppler 2012 ). That inquiry sought to uncover the insights possessed and how they are constituted, how they are used in agricultural decision-making, and the extent to which they are valued in light of other forms of weather and climate information available. The fieldwork was a consequence of exploratory archival research conducted to

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Chie Sakakibara

bowhead whale is the foundational entity through which all elements of Arctic life are integrated—sea, land, animal, and human. Indeed, the bowhead remains central to Iñupiaq life and sustains traditional rituals and ceremonies ( Boeri 1983 ; Stoker and Krupnik 1993 ; Bodenhorn 2001 ; Brewster 2004 ; Hess 1999 ; Lowenstein 1992 , 1993 ; Turner 1990 , 1993 ; Sakakibara 2008 , 2009 , 2010 ; Zumwalt 1988 ). Fig . 1. Map of the North Slope Borough, Alaska (courtesy of J. Jelacic). Currently

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Laurie Yung, Nicky Phear, Alayna DuPont, Jess Montag, and Daniel Murphy

increased interannual variability—trends that are expected to continue and worsen throughout the twenty-first century ( Chambers and Pellant 2008 ; Pederson et al. 2011 ). Climate change impacts on grazing are particularly important in the United States, where 27% of the land area is rangeland and grassland pasture used to graze livestock ( Nickerson et al. 2011 ). Sayre et al. (2012) argue that livestock production on U.S. rangelands is an important and potentially sustainable form of diversified

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Sandy Smith-Nonini

prompted the White House and BP to credit new fracked gas and less coal use. But University of Maryland researchers report that most of that drop was due to lower consumption in the Great Recession, with the changing fuel mix a minor factor ( Feng et al. 2015 ). The matter is further complicated by conflation of growth in profits with growth in production (which diverged in the era of financialization). Welcome to complex systems! Far more than the information revolution of decades past, climate change

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Peter Rudiak-Gould

them unfold on our farm has been harrowing nonetheless.” —Jack Hedin, farmer ( Hedin 2010 ) “[Y]ou can’t actually see global warming.” —Anonymous BBC environment correspondent (quoted in Anderson 1997 , p. 122) “Islands that used to be our playgrounds have disappeared … Some scientists say there is no rise in sea-level but the tide is rising. We have seen it with our own eyes.” —Koloa Talake, former Prime Minister of Tuvalu (quoted in Connell 2003 , p. 98) Not only do the answers diverge, they

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