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Jamie Hannaford, Kevin Collins, Sophie Haines, and Lucy J. Barker

coinquiry developed over the course of two workshops and supported by ongoing work on the development and testing of new hydrometeorological indicator and impact datasets, the relationships between them, and prototype MEW tools. We bring this to bear to address the following research questions: How do framings of drought and drought management influence MEW practices and needs for a broad range of stakeholders? How should the above be used to improve current MEW systems or design new systems to meet

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Corrine Noel Knapp, Shannon M. McNeeley, John Gioia, Trevor Even, and Tyler Beeton

summarized in Table 4 . Table 4. Current responses to climate change and perceptions of adaptive capacity and factors needed to increase adaptive capacity. The factor categories “additional flexibility” and “cross-boundary coordination” are centered to indicate that they are shared by both groups of permittees. 1) Current BLM responses and perceptions The BLM built adaptive capacity through collaborative partnerships, which build trust, work across boundaries, and develop working relationships between

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Christopher A. Fiebrich, Jadwiga R. Ziolkowska, Phillip B. Chilson, and Elizabeth A. Pillar-Little

troposphere are “too limited in what they measure, too sparsely or unevenly distributed, frequently limited to regional areal coverage, and clearly do not qualify as a mesoscale network of national dimensions.” The report detailed that the highest priority observations included measurements of the height of the planetary boundary layer and high-resolution vertical profiles of humidity, while the second tier of needed observations included vertical profiles of wind and temperature. More recent reports have

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Gigi Owen, Jonathan D. McLeod, Crystal A. Kolden, Daniel B. Ferguson, and Timothy J. Brown

populations and the natural environment. As the relationship between climate forecasting and fire management continues to evolve, it is beneficial to evaluate the current role that climate information plays among the suite of other types of information available to wildfire managers. In line with this goal, the purpose of our study is to identify: 1) how wildfire managers in the U.S. Southwest apply climate information to long-term strategies and everyday practices and 2) how information is disseminated

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Ross Westoby, Rachel Clissold, and Karen E. McNamara

; Berkes et al. 2003 ). The entry point or system boundaries for adaptation should depend on the problem context and encapsulate a series of interacting and linked elements (i.e., a social–ecological system), including ecosystems, local knowledge, people, and technology and institutions ( Berkes and Folke 1998 ; Berkes et al. 2003 ). Focusing on larger, complex scales in this way can help transcend community and national boundaries and, through this, reveal negative externalities as well as better

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Ana Lopez and Sophie Haines

Agency (EA)], 1 we used both qualitative and quantitative methods to explore whether probabilistic weather forecasts can provide usable information for reservoir management decision-making. Currently, the water company uses indicators including actual (observed) reservoir levels and river flows, rainfall amounts and soil moisture deficits over the preceding period, forecast abstraction rates, and regional weather forecasts provided by the Met Office to inform its decisions about pumping and water

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Ryan P. Crompton, K. John McAneney, Keping Chen, Roger A. Pielke Jr., and Katharine Haynes

) as well as numerous other structures, including schools and police stations. This paper attempts to place these most recent bushfire impacts into a historical context. Following a method analogous to Crompton and McAneney (2008) and other recent work ( Bouwer 2010 ), this paper asks: What would have been the impact of past bushfires if they were to recur under current societal conditions? Without accounting for the known influence societal factors have on disaster records, it is impossible to

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Meaghan Daly and Suraje Dessai

climate services infrastructure of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). In section 3 , we describe the methods used to conduct this analysis. In section 4 , we present the results of the research, responding to these two questions: 1) What are the goals of the RCOFs? and 2) How are users currently engaged in the RCOFs? In section 5 , we discuss perceptions of persistent challenges faced within the RCOFs and implications of these findings for user engagement within RCOFs in the future

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Mikhail Varentsov, Natalia Shartova, Mikhail Grischenko, and Pavel Konstantinov

. However, the development of energy balance models of the human body became possible only with the advent of computer technology in the 1970s and 1980s ( Höppe 1997 ). Currently, a variety of powerful tools is applied worldwide, including energy balance models of the human body. The most useful tools include the Comfort Formula energy budget model (COMFA model; Brown and Gillespie 1986 ), Rayman model ( Matzarakis et al. 2007 ), and Solar Longwave Environmental Irradiance Geometry model (SOLWEIG model

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Susan Joslyn, Lou Nemec, and Sonia Savelli

). A predictive interval provides the upper and lower boundaries of the range within which the observed value is expected with a specified probability, indicating, for instance, that there is an 80% chance that the nighttime low temperature will be between 30° and 36°F. Predictive intervals could be useful to decision makers with various parameter concerns and tolerances for risk. Furthermore, although predictive intervals are conceptually complex, there is preliminary evidence that nonexperts

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