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Leon S. Robertson

, without intervention, it will collapse ( Barlas 2009 ). Climate scientists have studied the role of such amplifying feedback on global warming in analyses of water vapor ( Dessler 2013 ), the albedo effect ( Ingram et al. 1989 ), and melting tundra ( Schuur et al. 2009 ). Warming increases evaporation and thus more water vapor in the atmosphere that further retains heat in a feedback cycle. The albedo effect occurs when warmth melts surface snow and ice that reflects heat. The resulting darker land

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E. Coffel and R. Horton

, urban heat island effects, and soil moisture feedbacks, among other mechanisms. This study demonstrates one potential effect of climate change on aircraft operations. However, more work is needed to analyze the effect of heat on ground personnel safety and performance, airport infrastructure, and airline on-time performance. In addition, other potential climate impacts could affect aviation: sea level rise could threaten some airports (LGA is especially vulnerable), and changes in the frequency and

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Michael Robert Nkuba, Raban Chanda, Gagoitseope Mmopelwa, Margaret Najjingo Mangheni, David Lesolle, and Edward Kato

the onset of rains ( Gyampoh and Asante 2011 ; Kalanda-Joshua et al. 2011 ). Research reveals that fish behavior may provide climate information for fishing communities ( Leonard et al. 2013 ). Observance of heat by ordinary farmers without using scientific gadgets has been considered a relevant indicator for early warning systems and rainfall seasonality in rural livelihoods ( Nkomwa et al. 2014 ; Ifejika Speranza et al. 2010 ; Zuma-Netshiukhwi et al. 2013 ). This shows that farmers

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Adebayo Oluwole Eludoyin, Augustina Olichikwu Nevo, Peter Adeolu Abuloye, Oyenike Mary Eludoyin, and Olusegun Olufemi Awotoye

in Ondo State, Nigeria. (bottom) Types of farm support by the government. See text for details. 5. Discussion The study area is typical of a sovereignty of agrarian communities in developing countries, with a low level of industrialization. The capital city, Akure, is an emerging, well-planned, urbanized community, where anthropogenic influences have been linked to development of urban heat island phenomenon, even in the year 2001 ( Akinbode et al. 2008 ). This study noticed the effect of

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Vladimir Janković and David M. Schultz

irreversible impacts. For example, contemporary urban climate change policies that prioritize high-intensity but low-frequency events such as heat waves, flooding, sea level rise, and hurricanes downplay chronic, small-scale risks associated with urban heat island, microvariations of temperatures, street-level winds, traffic heat, air conditioning, street cover, and solar glare—all of which shape the day-to-day life of an urban population ( Janković 2014 ). This policy blind spot may well have to do with

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Kendal McGuffie and Ann Henderson-Sellers

political economy of addressing climate crisis in the Earth system: Undermining perverse resilience . New Polit. Econ. , doi:10.1080/13563467.2012.678820, in press . Phillip, A. , 1789 (cited 2011): The voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay with an account of the establishment of the colonies of Port Jackson and Norfolk Island . [Available online at .] Roebuck, J. , 1775 : A comparison of the heat of London and Edinburgh . Philos

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Yujie Wang, Lianchun Song, Chris Hewitt, Nicola Golding, and Zili Huang

. Climate services for urbanization In recent years, the issue of urban climate change has garnered a great deal of attention, and the impacts of global climate change and urbanization will further increase in China ( Zhai et al. 2018 ). Chinese cities are expected to face increasingly serious climate risks, such as urban water logging, large-scale haze, and the urban heat island effect, which threaten the sustainable progress of urbanization in China. The NCC has provided climate services for urban

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M. Elyas Karim

not suffered climate change–based human aggression in a tangible way. It is possible, therefore, that MENA culture itself is highly vulnerable to heat aggression or that conditions in MENA in this regard have changed more dramatically in relation to human limits than they have elsewhere. The current conflicts of Syria, Iraq, Yemen, and Libya reflect a clash among regional and global competitors in the MENA region, one that may not have a single cause. In other words, although climate change is a

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Jonathan Friedrich, Jannik Stahl, Gijsbert Hoogendoorn, and Jennifer M. Fitchett

:// . 10.1002/joc.4851 Kurniawan , F. , L. Adrianto , D. G. Bengen , and L. B. Prasetyo , 2016 : Vulnerability assessment of small islands to tourism: The case of the Marine Tourism Park of the Gili Matra Islands, Indonesia . Global Ecol. Conserv. , 6 , 308 – 326 , . 10.1016/j.gecco.2016.04.001 Lam , C. K. C. , M. Loughnan , and N. Tapper , 2018 : Visitors’ perception of thermal comfort during extreme heat events at

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Jaume Rosselló and Aon Waqas

variability, whereas domestic tourism is more responsive to variability within the year of the trip. Rosselló et al. (2011) focus on outbound flows from the United Kingdom. They estimate the sensitivity of this tourist time series to weather anomalies, showing that mean temperature, heat waves, frost, and sunshine days are the weather variables that can be significantly related to the dynamics of time series for outbound British flows. Other case studies that explore the relations between weather and

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