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Theresa Jedd, Deborah Bathke, Duane Gill, Bimal Paul, Nicole Wall, Tonya Bernadt, Jacob Petr, Anthony Mucia, and Milan Wall

, increased reliance on groundwater, and diminished fish and wildlife habitat. In 2012, the warmest July on record drew attention back to the devastating effects of the Great Plains drought 10 years earlier ( NOAA/NCEI 2012 ). By January of 2013, conditions had worsened, and counties in 14 states were declared natural disaster areas from drought ( USDA 2013 ). In Nebraska, surface water use was prohibited because of low river levels; in some cases, groundwater irrigators used as much water by mid-July as

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Jase Bernhardt

Faurer (1983) analyzed logs from Hudson’s Bay Company ships in order to track summer sea ice severity in the Hudson Bay during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and Landsea et al. (2004) utilized ship reports published in newspapers, among other sources, to determine hurricane tracks in the Atlantic Ocean between 1851 and 1910. Moreover, on land, the accounts of French peasants were used by Baker (2012) to investigate the damage caused by hail to crops in France prior to World War I. The

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Ryan P. Crompton, K. John McAneney, Keping Chen, Roger A. Pielke Jr., and Katharine Haynes

performed various supervised image classifications with the 2.5-m-resolution, orthorectified imagery in the 2009 SPOTMaps series ( http://access.spot.com/ ). It was possible to reliably evaluate the best classification results given the fine resolution of imagery employed and the relative small size of the study area. Once the locations of buildings and bushland boundaries were known, we then calculated distance-based statistics relevant to land use planning and insurance pricing. 3. Results a. Case

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Shannon M. McNeeley, Tyler A. Beeton, and Dennis S. Ojima

. 2000 ; Cook et al. 2015 ). A key finding from the 2014 National Climate Assessment Great Plains regional report suggested that climate change, streamflow overallocation, increases in population and development, and both energy extraction and use pose significant risks of increased competition over scarce water resources ( Shafer et al. 2014 ; Ojima et al. 2012 ). Finally, drought is a “wicked” problem, characterized by competing values and risk perceptions, which results in fundamentally

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Markus Enenkel, Daniel Osgood, Martha Anderson, Bristol Powell, Jessica McCarty, Christopher Neigh, Mark Carroll, Margaret Wooten, Greg Husak, Christopher Hain, and Molly Brown

subset of available station data, the production-level product is available in the middle of the following month. CHIRPS has been shown to capture well the observed spatial and temporal variability in rainfall, as indicated by independent station data ( Hessels 2015 ; Katsanos et al. 2016 ). The dataset is designed primarily for drought monitoring applications ( Funk et al. 2015 ) but has also been successfully used in running crop or land surface models ( Maidment et al. 2017 ) and as an

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Ross N. Hoffman, Peter Dailey, Susanna Hopsch, Rui M. Ponte, Katherine Quinn, Emma M. Hill, and Brian Zachry

components of the model, the skill shown in Fig. 5 demonstrates the internal consistency of the underlying components of the model and the validity of the overall model for this purpose. To include sea level rise in the surge model, we subtract it from the current land elevations. For example, the land elevation used in the Full Scenario is given by the difference of Fig. 6 minus Fig. 3 . Low-lying areas in Fig. 6 (say, areas at elevations below 3 m) are already sensitive to surge. In our

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Dr. Pepa Ambrosio-Albala and Dr. María Mar Delgado-Serrano

Mexican community, which also has greater autonomy from the national government than does the Colombian community. This research aims to understand the CC perceptions of indigenous communities and provide relevant information about their preferences for CC-related management and adaptation options. As in other studies ( Weigle 2010 ), the findings of this research can support the design and implementation of CC adaptation strategies that will be accepted by local inhabitants. We used Q methodology to

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Yun Su, Yuan Kang, Xianshuai Zhai, and Xiuqi Fang

groups during cold periods ( Zhang et al. 2011 ; Wang 1996 ). Tol and Wagner (2010) also suggest that reductions in heat input reduce the land carrying capacity of traditional agricultural societies, and most wars occur in cold periods. However, some scholars believe that climate warming leads to more wars ( Su et al. 2016 ). A warm and humid climate is conducive to increased grassland productivity, thereby providing resources for nomadic groups to wage wars. For example, the warm and humid

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Natasha Simonee, Jayko Alooloo, Natalie Ann Carter, Gita Ljubicic, and Jackie Dawson

Abstract

As Inuit hunters living in Pond Inlet, Nunavut, we (Natasha Simonee and Jayko Alooloo) travel extensively on land, water, and sea ice. Climate change, including changing sea ice and increasingly unpredictable weather patterns, has made it riskier and harder for us to travel and hunt safely. Inuit knowledge supporting safe travel is also changing and shared less between generations. We increasingly use online weather, marine, and ice products to develop locally relevant forecasts. This helps us to make decisions according to wind, waves, precipitation, visibility, sea ice conditions, and floe edge location. We apply our forecasts and share them with fellow community members to support safe travel. In this paper, we share the approach we developed from over a decade of systematically and critically assessing forecasting products such as: Windy.com; weather and marine forecasts; tide tables; C-CORE’s floe edge monitoring service; SmartICE; ZoomEarth; and time lapse cameras. We describe the strengths and challenges we face when accessing, interpreting, and applying each product throughout different seasons. Our analysis highlights a disconnect between available products and local needs. This disconnect can be overcome by service providers adjusting services to include: more seasonal and real-time information, non-technical language, familiar units of measurement, data size proportional to internet access cost and speed, and clear relationships between weather/marine/ice information and safe travel. Our findings have potential relevance in the Circumpolar Arctic and beyond, wherever people combine Indigenous weather forecasting methods and online information for decision-making. We encourage service providers to improve product relevance and accessibility.

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George B. Frisvold and Anand Murugesan

importance regressions, when land ownership was significant it had a negative impact, while the importance rating of risk management programs and satellite TV ownership had positive impacts. E-mail access had no significant effect on use of weather data for individual decisions. Table 5. Weather data use probit regressions, crop and diversified producers only. Only statistically significant coefficients are reported. All listed explanatory variables were included in each of the nine regression equations

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