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Magnus Hieronymus, Johan Nilsson, and Jonas Nycander

1. Introduction The oceanic temperature 1 T and salinity S distributions result from an interplay between air–sea fluxes, large-scale circulation, and small-scale turbulent mixing. The extreme S – T values are created by the surface fluxes of heat and freshwater ( Speer 1993 ), whereas the turbulent mixing acts to reduce the span of the S – T distribution. The large-scale circulation serves to bring water masses from different locations together, allowing the small-scale mixing to

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Shinya Kouketsu and Ichiro Yasuda

1. Introduction The Kuroshio Extension is an eastward-flowing jet current that appears after the Kuroshio separates from the east coast of Japan near the Boso Peninsula. This region is one of the main formation sites of the salinity minimum that characterizes North Pacific Intermediate Water (NPIW), which is found at depths of 200–800 m in the subtropical gyre ( Yasuda et al. 1996 ; Talley 1997 ; Hiroe et al. 2002 ). Warm saline water is transported into the Kuroshio Extension region by the

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James R. Miller

1976 J A M E S R. M I L L E R 29The Salinity Effect in a Mixed Layer Ocean Model Jam;s R. M~.~R~Goddard Institute For Space Studies, NASA, New York, 3r. Y. 10025(Manuscript received 7 October 1974, in revised form 8 July 1975) ABSTRACT A model of the thermally mixed layer in the upper ocean as developed by Kraus and Turner and extendedby Denman is further extended to investigate the effects of

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Lynne D. Talley

VOLUME 15 JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY JUNE 1985Ventilation of the Subtropical North Pacific: The Shallow Salinity Minimum LYNNE D. TALLEYUniversity of California-San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA 92093(Manuscript received 26 October 1984, in final form 5 February 1985)ABSTRACT The shallow salinity minimum of the subtropical North Pacific is shown to be a feature of the ventilated

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Eric S. Posmentier

298 JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY VOLUME7The Generation of Salinity Finestructure by Vertical Diffusion~ F.P~C S. POSMENTIERInsti~ul~ of Ma~ne and Atmospl~d~ $d~n~e~, C~y Uni~ts~y of N~w York, Bronx 10471 23 February 1976 and 24 September 1976ABSTRACT The nonlinear differential equation for the vertical diffusion of salt or heat) Ms ~nitially unstable solutions under conditions of

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Eric S. Posmentier and Joseph W. Racklin

NOTES AND CORRESPONDENCE 775NOTES AND CORRESPONDENCEDistribution of Salinity and Temperature in the Hudson EstuaryI ERIC S. POSM-ENTIERInstitute of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, City University of New York, Bronx, N. Y. 10471JosEPtt W. RACHLIN Department of Biological Sciences, Lehman College, Bronx, N. Y. 10468 23 February 1976 and 12 April 1976ABSTRACT Vertical salinity profiles in the Hudson

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Kern E. Kenyon

NOVEMBER 1978 K E R N E. K E N Y O N 1061The Shallow Salinity Minimum of the Eastern North Pacific in Winter KERN E. KENYONScripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego 92093(Manuscript received 10 February 1978, in final form 19 June 1978) ABSTRACT Extensive STD data at a 100 km station spacing from a recent winter cruise (March-April 1976

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Alberto R. Piola and Arnold L. Gordon

APRIL 1984 ALBERTO R. PIOLA AND ARNOLD L. GORDON 747Pacific and Indian Ocean Upper-Layer Salinity Budget~ ALBERTO R. PIOLAServicio de Hidrografia Naval, 1271 Buenos Aires, Argentina ARNOLD L. GORDONLamont-Doherty Geological Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, NY 10964(Manuscript received 4 April 1983, in final form 7 November 1983)ABSTRACTThe freshwater balance in the

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Robert W. Houghton and Martin H. Visbeck

1. Introduction The origin of the quasi-decadal fluctuation of upper ocean water properties in the North Atlantic has been the object of a number of investigations. These can be divided into two approaches: consideration of sea surface temperature (SST) fluctuations and consideration of upper ocean salinity and sea ice variations. The basin-scale structure and coherence of the quasi-decadal SST fluctuations was first identified by Deser and Blackmon (1993) using EOF analysis of the

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J. R. Donguy and C. Henin

1132 JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY VOLUMESNOTES AND CORRESPONDENCESurface Salinity Fluctuations Between 1956 and 1973 in the Western South Pacific Ocean J. R. DONOUY AND C. HENINCentre ORSTOM, Noumea, New Caledonia17 October 1977 and 29 May 1978ABSTRACT For the western South Pacific Ocean, the 1956-73 surface salinity is compared with the rainfall andwind information along the 180- meridian. On the

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