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Zhonghai Jin, Thomas P. Charlock, Ken Rutledge, Glenn Cota, Ralph Kahn, Jens Redemann, Taiping Zhang, David A. Rutan, and Fred Rose

broadband radiance and irradiance (flux) were measured from aircraft, from a rigid platform (the Chesapeake lighthouse tower), and from Terra during CLAMS (10 July–2 August 2001). Comprehensive observations of atmospheric and oceanic properties, which affect radiative transfer processes, were also conducted during CLAMS. In this paper, we present only those radiation data measured over the ocean in 4 clear days in CLAMS and analyze them with the Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Radiative Transfer (COART

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Kuo-Nan Liou and Szu-Cheng Ou

OCTOaER 1979 KUO-NAN LIOU AND SZU-CHENG OU 1985~nfrared Radiative Transfer in lFfi~fite Cloud Layers Kuo-NAN LIOU AND Szu-CHENG OUDepartment of Meteorology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84112(Manuscript received 3 November 1978, in final form 17 May 1979) ABSTRACT Analytic solutions to the three-dimensional infrared radiative transfer equation for an anisotropic

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Howard P. Hanson

1M^Y 1987 HOWARD P. HANSON 1287Radiative/Turbulent Transfer Interactions in Layer Clouds HOWARD P. HANSONCooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado/NOAA, Boulder, CO 80309(Manuscript received 4 June 1985; in final form 12 November 1986) ABSTRACT The differential absorption and emission of radiation with height inside clouds creates

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Amanda C. Maycock, Christopher J. Smith, Alexandru Rap, and Owain Rutherford

physical parameters related to rapid atmospheric adjustments and climate feedbacks (e.g., atmospheric temperatures). Radiative kernels therefore have a wide variety of applications, since they can be employed to translate a change in climate state to a quantifiable perturbation of Earth’s energy balance without the need for explicit radiative transfer calculations (e.g., Soden and Held 2006 ; Solomon et al. 2010 ; Rap et al. 2015 ; Riese et al. 2012 ; Iglesias-Suarez et al. 2018 ; Smith et al

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Masanori Saito and Ping Yang

1. Introduction Ice clouds are ubiquitous and have significant impacts on the Earth radiation budget and hydrological cycle, which have been extensively studied for several decades based on numerical radiative transfer models (e.g., Liou 1986 ; Lohmann and Roeckner 1995 ; Waliser et al. 2009 ; Yang et al. 2015 ) and remote sensing techniques (e.g., Platnick et al. 2003 ; Sassen and Comstock 2001 ; Sassen et al. 2008 ; Yang et al. 2018 ). The single-scattering properties of ice crystals

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Laura M. Hinkelman, K. Franklin Evans, Eugene E. Clothiaux, Thomas P. Ackerman, and Paul W. Stackhouse Jr.

; Di Giuseppe and Tompkins 2005 ). The 3D radiative transfer effect on domain-averaged solar fluxes has been divided into two physical processes, as summarized by Várnai and Davies (1999) . The first, which is termed the “one-dimensional (1D) heterogeneity effect,” arises from the nonlinear relationship between cloud optical depth and albedo. The mean transmission of a cloud with horizontally varying optical depth is more than the transmission of a uniform cloud with the mean optical depth. As a

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Quanhua Liu and Fuzhong Weng

channels. WindSAT/Coriolis and the Conical Microwave Imager Sounder (CMIS) aboard future U.S. National Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) platforms will provide the measurements of Stokes vector at lower frequencies in addition to the polarization measurements at higher frequencies. The data can be best utilized in physical retrieval algorithms ( Kummerow et al. 1989 ; Petty 1994 ) if a fast and accurate radiative transfer model is available. Atmospheric events produce polarization

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Adrian M. Tompkins and Francesca Di Giuseppe

. This treatment of overlap is important for nonlocal cloud processes such as precipitation evaporation ( Jakob and Klein 1999 ) and radiation transfer ( Morcrette and Jakob 2000 ; Chen et al. 2000 ; Barker and Räisänen 2005 ). In particular, shortwave (SW) radiative transfer is further complicated by the fact that the effective total cloud cover (TCC) as appreciated by an unscattered photon ultimately depends on the solar zenith angle (SZA). At low sun angles, photons have a reduced chance of

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Rudolph W. Preisendorfer and Graeme L. Stephens

solving the transfer of radiation within a laterally finite opticalmedium. A new radiative transfer equation, based on a multimode approach, it developed which includes theexplicit effects of the sides of the medium. This equation, derived for a box shaped medium, is exactly analogousto the plane parallel radiative transfer equation with a source term. Accordingly, the new equation is solvedusing the familiar plane-parallel techniques based on invafiant imbedding relationships in the form o

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Qiang Fu, K. N. Liou, M. C. Cribb, T. P. Charlock, and A. Grossman

1. Introduction General circulation models (GCMs) are key elements of modern climate research and the effort to accurately predict climate change. Since the major energy sources and sinks for the global climate system are solar and terrestrial radiation, modeling and prediction of climate require an accurate treatment of radiative transfer processes in GCMs. At the same time, the computational burden associated with radiation calculations in GCMs is such that efficient techniques are essential

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