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Saeideh Maleki, Saeid Soltani Koupaei, Alireza Soffianian, Sassan Saatchi, Saeid Pourmanafi, and Vahid Rahdari

, 893 – 903 , . 10.1016/j.rse.2009.01.007 Chen , X. , H. Zhao , P. Li , and Z. Yin , 2006 : Remote sensing image-based analysis of the relationship between urban heat island and land use/cover changes . Remote Sens. Environ. , 104 , 133 – 146 , . 10.1016/j.rse.2005.11.016 Dahmardeh , M. , M. Dahmardeh , S. Yazdani , and E. Piri , 2009 : The socio-economic effects of Hamoon Lake in Sistan region of

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Lawrence C. Hamilton

. , Stewart T. G. , and Evans D. J. A. , 2008 : A millennial-scale record of Arctic Ocean sea ice variability and the demise of the Ellesmere Island ice shelves . Geophys. Res. Lett. , 35 , L19502 , doi:10.1029/2008GL034470 . Gerlach, T. , 2011 : Volcanic versus anthropogenic carbon dioxide . Eos, Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union , 92 , 201 – 208 . Hamilton, L. C. , 2008 : Who cares about polar regions? Results from a survey of U.S. public opinion . Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res. , 40 , 671

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Iván J. Ramírez, Sue C. Grady, and Michael H. Glantz

heat content to represent El Niño, the authors showed that the distribution of index cases of cholera followed a pattern along the west coast of South America, similar to the oceanic parameters. Coincidently, this pattern also resembled locations where cholera was first identified in 1990/91, according to Seas et al. (2000) . This was the first study to demonstrate how vibrios and their reservoirs may have traveled via ocean waves and upon arrival (i.e., against the continental boundary) dispersed

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Barbara Millet, Andrew P. Carter, Kenneth Broad, Alberto Cairo, Scotney D. Evans, and Sharanya J. Majumdar

. (left) The original image of a National Hurricane forecast graphic for Hurricane Irma. (right) The same image with a visual saliency heat map overlaid; the darker red parts of the heat map predict higher visual saliency, or the tendency of the human eye to be attracted to that part of the image. It is clear that how forecast graphics are presented is important to adequately informing the public of hurricane threat ( Sherman-Morris 2005 ). The ways that people misinterpret the graphic suggest a

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Sally Potter, Sara Harrison, and Peter Kreft

information. This also allows for warnings about cascading hazards and impacts, such as flooding leading to traffic congestion, which obstructs emergency services responses, leading to citywide impacts (Gov. Int. A). The need to take into account antecedent conditions was also identified in the development of the French Heat Health Index ( Pascal et al. 2006 ). Pascal et al. identified that the characteristics of the preceding summer, and the vulnerability of the population, should be considered when

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Scott Bremer, Anne Blanchard, Nabir Mamnun, Mathew Stiller-Reeve, Md. Mahfujul Haque, and Endre Tvinnereim

experience and narrative inquiry . Educ. Res. , 19 , 2 – 14 , doi: 10.3102/0013189X019005002 . 10.3102/0013189X019005002 Corburn , J. , 2009 : Cities, climate change and urban heat island mitigation: Localising global environmental science . Urban Stud. , 46 , 413 – 427 , doi: 10.1177/0042098008099361 . 10.1177/0042098008099361 Czarniawska , B. , 2004 : Narratives in Social Science Research . SAGE, 157 pp. 10.4135/9781849209502 Daniels , S. , and G. H. Endfield , 2009 : Narratives of

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Corrine Noel Knapp, Shannon M. McNeeley, John Gioia, Trevor Even, and Tyler Beeton

studies suggest a desire from land use permittees for greater management flexibility within and between seasons, and on all levels (RMP, operational, and permitting) ( Charnley et al. 2018 ; Neely et al. 2011 ; Warziniack et al. 2018 ). However, this would require additional monitoring, which agencies often do not have the resources or time for ( Veblen et al. 2014 ). b. Vulnerability of land-based livelihoods Vulnerability is a population’s exposure to climate hazards (e.g., extreme heat), their

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Matthew J. Bolton, William G. Blumberg, Lara K. Ault, H. Michael Mogil, and Stacie H. Hanes

1. Introduction Weather impacts everyone, whether or not people notice. Impacts can be psychological and/or physiological, on both small and large scales. At the individual level, people often find their mood influenced by weather; may fear lightning, tornadoes, and the potential destruction wrought by these and other dangerous meteorological phenomena; account for the effects of heat and cold through clothing choice; ascribe mentalistic states (i.e., thoughts, feelings, and intentions) to

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Shannon M. McNeeley, Tyler A. Beeton, and Dennis S. Ojima

: A global overview of drought and heat-induced tree mortality reveals emerging climate change risks for forests . For. Ecol. Manage. , 259 , 660 – 684 , doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2009.09.001 . Amberg, S. , Kilkus K. , Gardner S. , Gross J. E. , Wood M. , and Drazkowski B. , 2012 : Badlands National Park: Climate change vulnerability assessment. Natural Resource Rep. NPS/BADL/NRR–2012/505. National Park Service, 340 pp . Bernard, H. R. , 2006 : Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative

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Vikram M. Mehta, Cody L. Knutson, Norman J. Rosenberg, J. Rolf Olsen, Nicole A. Wall, Tonya K. Bernadt, and Michael J. Hayes

institutes of the University of Nebraska at Lincoln. Time and budgetary constraints limited the pilot study to agencies located in eastern and central Nebraska, with two exceptions: a meeting with the Nebraska City Adaptive Management Group held in southwest Iowa, across the river from Nebraska City, and a meeting with the Bureau of Reclamation personnel in Grand Island, Nebraska, that included agency staff members in McCook, Nebraska, and Billings, Montana, by conference call. Each interview began with

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