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Peter N. Peregrine

-019-02380-2 . 10.1007/s10584-019-02380-2 Harrington , J. , and M. Gelfand , 2014 : Tightness–looseness across the 50 United States . Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA , 111 , 7990 – 7995 , https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1317937111 . 10.1073/pnas.1317937111 Holling , C. S. , L. Gunderson , and G. Peterson , 2002 : Sustainability and panarchy. Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems , L. Gunderson and C. S. Holling, Eds., Island Press, 63–102 . Horney , J. , D

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Hannah R. Torres, Kamal A. Alsharif, and Graham A. Tobin

incentives from insurance companies to flood-proof or otherwise retrofit one’s home to reduce risk. Modifications that could reduce insurance rates were perceived as too costly to be worth it. When participants were asked what aspects of climate change and sea level rise most concerned them, some expressed general concerns, like the disappearance of low-lying island nations and the increased rate at which the Greenland ice sheet is melting. However, most concerns were framed on a personal scale and these

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Iván J. Ramírez, Sue C. Grady, and Michael H. Glantz

heat content to represent El Niño, the authors showed that the distribution of index cases of cholera followed a pattern along the west coast of South America, similar to the oceanic parameters. Coincidently, this pattern also resembled locations where cholera was first identified in 1990/91, according to Seas et al. (2000) . This was the first study to demonstrate how vibrios and their reservoirs may have traveled via ocean waves and upon arrival (i.e., against the continental boundary) dispersed

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Y. G. Tao, F. Zhang, W. J. Liu, and C. Y. Shi

salience is positively related to attitudes toward tourism and holiday satisfaction ( Jeuring 2017 ). Extreme weather events, as the key risk to visitors, are mentioned as the most likely effects of climate change for island destinations in the Caribbean ( Hübner and Gössling 2012 ; De Urioste-Stone et al. 2016 ). At the zoos in Phoenix, Arizona, and Atlanta, Georgia, visitors seem averse to thermal extremes ( Perkins and Debbage 2016 ). Climate and weather information published in the media affects

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Barbara Millet, Andrew P. Carter, Kenneth Broad, Alberto Cairo, Scotney D. Evans, and Sharanya J. Majumdar

. (left) The original image of a National Hurricane forecast graphic for Hurricane Irma. (right) The same image with a visual saliency heat map overlaid; the darker red parts of the heat map predict higher visual saliency, or the tendency of the human eye to be attracted to that part of the image. It is clear that how forecast graphics are presented is important to adequately informing the public of hurricane threat ( Sherman-Morris 2005 ). The ways that people misinterpret the graphic suggest a

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Sally Potter, Sara Harrison, and Peter Kreft

information. This also allows for warnings about cascading hazards and impacts, such as flooding leading to traffic congestion, which obstructs emergency services responses, leading to citywide impacts (Gov. Int. A). The need to take into account antecedent conditions was also identified in the development of the French Heat Health Index ( Pascal et al. 2006 ). Pascal et al. identified that the characteristics of the preceding summer, and the vulnerability of the population, should be considered when

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Scott Bremer, Anne Blanchard, Nabir Mamnun, Mathew Stiller-Reeve, Md. Mahfujul Haque, and Endre Tvinnereim

experience and narrative inquiry . Educ. Res. , 19 , 2 – 14 , doi: 10.3102/0013189X019005002 . 10.3102/0013189X019005002 Corburn , J. , 2009 : Cities, climate change and urban heat island mitigation: Localising global environmental science . Urban Stud. , 46 , 413 – 427 , doi: 10.1177/0042098008099361 . 10.1177/0042098008099361 Czarniawska , B. , 2004 : Narratives in Social Science Research . SAGE, 157 pp. 10.4135/9781849209502 Daniels , S. , and G. H. Endfield , 2009 : Narratives of

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Corrine Noel Knapp, Shannon M. McNeeley, John Gioia, Trevor Even, and Tyler Beeton

studies suggest a desire from land use permittees for greater management flexibility within and between seasons, and on all levels (RMP, operational, and permitting) ( Charnley et al. 2018 ; Neely et al. 2011 ; Warziniack et al. 2018 ). However, this would require additional monitoring, which agencies often do not have the resources or time for ( Veblen et al. 2014 ). b. Vulnerability of land-based livelihoods Vulnerability is a population’s exposure to climate hazards (e.g., extreme heat), their

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Matthew J. Bolton, William G. Blumberg, Lara K. Ault, H. Michael Mogil, and Stacie H. Hanes

1. Introduction Weather impacts everyone, whether or not people notice. Impacts can be psychological and/or physiological, on both small and large scales. At the individual level, people often find their mood influenced by weather; may fear lightning, tornadoes, and the potential destruction wrought by these and other dangerous meteorological phenomena; account for the effects of heat and cold through clothing choice; ascribe mentalistic states (i.e., thoughts, feelings, and intentions) to

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Shannon M. McNeeley, Tyler A. Beeton, and Dennis S. Ojima

: A global overview of drought and heat-induced tree mortality reveals emerging climate change risks for forests . For. Ecol. Manage. , 259 , 660 – 684 , doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2009.09.001 . Amberg, S. , Kilkus K. , Gardner S. , Gross J. E. , Wood M. , and Drazkowski B. , 2012 : Badlands National Park: Climate change vulnerability assessment. Natural Resource Rep. NPS/BADL/NRR–2012/505. National Park Service, 340 pp . Bernard, H. R. , 2006 : Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative

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